Folio from a Gulistan (Rosegarden) by Sa’di; recto: A prince riding; verso: text


Calligrapher: Sultan 'Ali Mashhadi
Artist: Attributed to Balchand
Historical period(s)
Mughal dynasty, Reign of Shah Jahan, Text dated 1468, paintings repainted ca. 1645
Mughal Court
Mughal School
Ink, gold, and opaque watercolor on paper
H x W (page): 24.6 x 16 cm (9 11/16 x 6 5/16 in)
India and Iran
Credit Line
Gift of the Art and History Trust in honor of Ezzat-Malek Soudavar
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Detached manuscript folio

Gulistan, horse, horseman, India, Iran, Mughal dynasty (1526 - 1858), prince, Reign of Shah Jahan (1628 - 1658), WWII-era provenance
Provenance information is currently unavailable
Previous Owner(s)

The Art and History Trust


This composition is by Payag's brother, Balchand, another of Shah-Jahan's celebrated painters. More traditional in style than his brother, Balchand avoided the use of European techniques and was particularly renowned for the richly textured surfaces of his paintings and his fine portraits of the Mughal imperial family. In the Gulistan, Balchand's sensitive portrayal of the two main figures--a prince and a lovesick youth--has resulted in an intense and emotionally charged pictorial equivalent of Sa'di's anecdote on the nature of love.

Published References
  • Thomas Lawton Thomas W. Lentz. Beyond the Legacy: Anniversary Acquisitions for the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. vol. 1 Washington, 1998. p. 151, fig. 3.
  • Abolala Soudavar Milo Cleveland Beach. Art of the Persian Court: Selections from the Art and History Trust Collection. New York. cat. 136, p. 337.
  • John Seyller. Journal of the David Collection. vol. 3, Copenhagen. pp. 130-159, fig. 3.
  • Masters of Indian Painting. Exh. cat. Zurich. pp. 337-356, fig. 9.
Collection Area(s)
Arts of the Islamic World
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum

Related Objects