Queen as the Goddess Prajnaparamita


Historical period(s)
14th century
Gilt copper
H x W x D: 20.3 x 17 x 17 cm (8 x 6 11/16 x 6 11/16 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number
On View Location
Sackler Gallery 22: Encountering the Buddha
Metalwork, Sculpture

Buddhist sculpture

Buddhism, casting, gilding, mudra, Nepal, portrait, Prajnaparamita, queen, WWII-era provenance

Mr. (1906-1999) and Mrs. Paul Manheim [1]

To 1986
Peter Marks Gallery, New York City, to 1986

From 1986
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Peter Marks Gallery in 1986


[1] According to Curatorial Note 7 in object record.

Previous Owner(s)

Peter Marks Works of Art United States, active 1960 - 2002
Mr. and Mrs. Paul Manheim


Buddhism entered Nepal from India in the fourth century B.C.E, and remains an active religion there today. An inscription on the base of this devotional image suggests that the Nepali queen Dipamala is represented as the goddess Prajnaparamita.

This goddess personifies the scripture called the Perfection of Knowledge, an important and popular Mahayana (Great Way) Buddhist text.

Published References
  • Ian Alsop. Metal Sculpture of the Khana Malla Kingdom of West Nepal/West Tibet. vol. 25, no. 6 Hong Kong, June 1994. .
  • Pratapaditya Pal. The Art of Tibet. New York and Greenwich, CT. cat. 61.
  • Pratapaditya Pal. Himalayas: An Aesthetic Adventure. Exh. cat. Chicago. p. 22, fig. 2.
  • Ulrich von Schroeder. Indo-Tibetan Bronzes. Hong Kong. cat. 90b, p. 348.
  • Amy Heller. Hidden Treasures of the Himalayas: Tibetan Manuscripts, Paintings and Sculptures of Dolplo. Chicago. pp. 217-218, fig. 162.
Collection Area(s)
South Asian and Himalayan Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum