Mountain Ravine and Pine Tree


(Fu Shen and Julia Murray, 1981) The painting is done in the style of the late Ming painter Sheng Mao-yeh. One of ten album pages

Historical period(s)
Qing dynasty, 1652
Ink and color on gold paper
H x W (image): 33.5 x 27.4 cm (13 3/16 x 10 13/16 in)
Credit Line
Transfer from the United States Customs Service, Department of the Treasury
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Album leaf

Qing dynasty (1644 - 1911)

To 1960
J. D. Chen (died April 20, 1968), Hong Kong, and Frank Caro, C. T. Loo & Co., New York, to 1960 [1]

From 1960 to 1979
U.S. Customs Service, Department of the Treasury [2]

From 1979
Freer Gallery of Art, from October 23, 1979 [3]

[1] This object is one of a group of 88 objects (F80.104-F80.180, FSC-S-22-25 and FSC-O-11a-h) seized in 1960 by the U.S. Customs Service, Department of the Treasury, from the dealer and collector J.D. Chen, Hong Kong and Frank Caro of C. T. Loo & Co., New York. The objects were deemed to have been introduced into the commerce of the United States in violation of 19 U.S.C. 1592 (Trade with Communist China).

[2] See note 1. The object’s ownership title is based on the settlement agreement, dated November 1971, between the United States, Chen Tung Siang Wen, the executrix for J.D. Chen Estate, and Frank Caro, copy in object file. See U.S. Customs Service Memorandum, April 23, 1979 and a letter from Thadeus Rojek, Chief Counsel, Department of the Treasury, U.S. Custom Service, to Marie C. Malaro, Assistant General Counsel, Smithsonian Institution, dated November 29, 1979, copy in object file. The objects remained in the custody of the U.S. Customs Service office in New York until 1979.

[3] The object was transferred to the Freer Gallery of Art on October 23, 1979.


(Fu Shen and Julia Murray, 1981) The painting is done in the style of the late Ming painter Sheng Mao-yeh. One of ten album pages


(Fu Shen and Julia Murray, 1981) The painting is inscribed by the artist, who dedicates it to two men, T'ien-yu and Hsuan-yu. The work is undated, but was painted for the same occasion as the others (see F80.136a-l).

The inscription mentions that the artist's native places is Yun-chien; i.e. Sung-chiang, Kiangsu. (No further information on Chung Ch'i.)


1. Original folder sheet note indicates name of source and location at date of acquisition. Source address listed in this record is most current.

2. (Fu Shen and Julia Murray, 1981) [See Description and Inscriptions.] The two men to whom this album of ten paintings is dedicated are identified by their alternate names in the inscriptions on various individual leaves. The elder of the two men, who was celebrating his 80th birthday, is called T'ien-yu, and leaf B gives his surname gives his surname as Chu. The other man, celebrating his 60th birthday, is called Hsuan-yuan. (This name was also used by the landscape and flower painter Wu Ling, a native of Wu-hsien, Kiangsu, active in the Ch'ung-chen period (1628-1644). T'ien-yu and Hsuan-yuan were father and son.

The album presents an interesting collection of painters from Sung-chiang and Chia-hsing active during the Ming-Ch'ing transition.

3. (J. Smith per Stephen Allee 7/24/2008) Primary classification: Album; Secondary classification: Painting

4. (Stephen D. Allee, 29 May 2009) Changed Title from "Mountain and Ravines, one of ten album pages" to "Mountain Ravine and Pine Tree".

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