Maker(s)
Artist: Qasim ibn Ali
Historical period(s)
Ayyubid period, June-July 1232
Medium
Brass with silver inlay
Dimensions
H x W x D: 36.7 x 21.3 x 21.3 cm (14 7/16 x 8 3/8 x 8 3/8 in)
Geography
Syria
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number
F1955.22
On View Location
Freer Gallery 03: Engaging the Senses: Art in the Islamic World
Classification(s)
Metalwork, Vessel
Type

Ewer

Keywords
Ayyubid period (1171 - 1250), casting, chasing, hammering, inlay, Lathe work, naskh script, spinning (metalwork), Syria, WWII-era provenance
Provenance
Provenance information is currently unavailable
Previous Owner(s)

Kevorkian Foundation

Label

Unlike most thirteenth century metalwares from Syria decorated with figural themes, this large and elegant ewer is only embellished with floral motifs and inscriptions. The unusual choice of decoration may reflect the particular taste of the patron, whose name appears on the ewer. He was Shihab al-Din Tughrul, a Turkish commander who served as regent in Aleppo in northern Syria on behalf of Sultan al-Malik al-Aziz (reigned 1216-37) of the Ayyubid dynasty. The ewer was probably reserved for religious ablution rites for which non-representational decoration was considered more appropriate.

Published References
  • Dr. Esin Atil, W. Thomas Chase, Paul Jett. Islamic Metalwork in the Freer Gallery of Art. Washington, 1985. cat. 16, p. 117.
  • Dr. Esin Atil. Art of the Arab World. Exh. cat. Washington, 1975. cat. 26, p. 61-63.
  • Douglas Barrett. Islamic Metalwork in the British Museum. London. p. 14.
  • Urdu Encyclopedia of Islam. pp. 597-607, pl. 3.
  • Richard Ettinghausen. Metalwork from Islamic Countries: Rackham Building, Februrary 25-March 11, 1943. Exh. cat. Ann Arbor. cat. 46, p. 13, pl. 8.
  • Louis Hautecoeur Gaston Wiet. Les Mosquées du Caire. 2 vols., Paris. p. 90.
  • Ernst Kuhnel. Zwei Mosulbronzen und ihr Meister. vol. 60, no. 1 Berlin. pp. 10, 12, fig. 9.
  • Marilyn Stokstad. Medieval Art., 2nd edition. Boulder, CO. p. 148.
  • Marilyn Jenkins-Medina. Raqqa Revisited: Ceramics of Ayyubid Syria. New York and New Haven. p. 180.
  • Eva Baer. Metalwork in Medieval Islamic Art. Albany. pp. 99, 140, fig. 76.
  • Richard Ettinghausen O. Graber. The Art and Architecture of Islam, 650-1250. The Pelican History of Art Hammondsworth, Middlesex, England and New York. p. 371, fig. 393.
  • , Eric Delpont, Aurelie Fauret, Yannis Koikas. L'Orient de Saladin: L'Art des Ayyoubides. Exh. cat. Paris, October 23, 2001 - March 10, 2002. p. 130.
  • Repertoire Chronologique d'Epigraphie Arabe. cat. 4302.
  • L.A. Mayer. Islamic Metalworkers and Their Works. Geneva. pp. 78-79.
  • Eva Baer. Ayyubid Metalwork with Christian Images. Studies in Islamic Art and Architecture Leiden and New York. cat. 30, pp. 4, 22.
  • D.S. Rice. Studies in Islamic Metalwork, II. no. 15. pp. 66-69, pls. 10-11.
  • Laura Schnieder. Freer Canteen. vol. 9 Washington and Ann Arbor. pp. 137-156, pl. 7, fig. 20.
  • Gaston Wiet. Catalogue Général du Musée Arabe du Caire: Objets en Cuivre. Cairo. cat. 15, 20, 42, pp. 19, 23, 171.
  • Gaston Wiet. L'Exposition Persane de 1931. Exh. cat. Cairo, 1932-1933. p. 79.
  • D.S. Rice. Inlaid Brasses from the Workshop of Ahmad al-Dhaki al-Mawsili. vol. 2. pp. 286, 325-26.
Collection Area(s)
Arts of the Islamic World
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum