Allegorical representation of Emperor Jahangir and Shah Abbas of Persia from the St. Petersburg Album


Artist: Abu'l Hasan (b. 1588 or 1589)
Borders: Muhammad Sadiq
Historical period(s)
Mughal dynasty, Reign of Jahangir, ca. 1618; margins 1747–48
Mughal Court
Mughal School
Opaque watercolor, ink, silver and gold on paper
H x W: 23.8 x 15.4 cm (9 3/8 x 6 1/16 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Album, Painting

Detached album folio

emperor, globe, halo, India, lion, Mughal dynasty (1526 - 1858), Reign of Jahangir (1605 - 1627), shah, WWII-era provenance
Provenance information is currently unavailable
Previous Owner(s)

Hagop Kevorkian 1872 - 1962


This brilliantly executed painting from the St. Petersburg album is one of several allegorical representations of Jahangir by Abu'l Hasan, one of the finest painters of the imperial atelier.

The radiant and powerful Jahangir is depicted comforting his meek, submissive cousin, Shah Abbas of Iran. This has nothing to do with historical fact, however, and is pure wish-fulfillment on Jahangir's part. The rulers were intense rivals, the focus of their mutual antagonism centering on Qandahar, in Afghanistan, a territory and fortress under Mughal control. (See also F1942.16a)

Published References
  • Thomas W. Lentz Glenn D. Lowry. Timur and the Princely Vision: Persian Art and Culture in the Fifteenth Century. Exh. cat. Los Angeles. p. 323, fig. 110.
  • Thomas Lawton Thomas W. Lentz. Beyond the Legacy: Anniversary Acquisitions for the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. vol. 1 Washington, 1998. p. 186, fig. 1.
  • Dr. Esin Atil, W. Thomas Chase, Paul Jett. Islamic Metalwork in the Freer Gallery of Art. Washington, 1985. pp. 222-223, fig. 72.
  • Encompassing the Globe: Portugal and the World in the 16th & 17th Centuries. Exh. cat. Washington, 2007. P-67, p. 136.
  • Milo Cleveland Beach. The Imperial Image: Paintings for the Mughal Court. Exh. cat. Washington, 1981. cat. 17b, pp. 31,74,169-70.
  • Oleg Grabar. Masterpieces of Islamic Art: The Decorated Page from the 8th to the 17th Century., English edition. New York. .
  • Body City: Siting Contemporary Culture in India. Delhi and Berlin. p. 226, fig. 2.
  • Calendar of Exhibitions. vol. 16, no. 4 Hong Kong, April 1985. p. 56.
  • Catherine B. Asher Cynthia Talbot. India Before Europe. New York. p. 157.
  • foreward by Milo Cleveland Beach. The Magnificent Mughals. New York. p. 168, fig. 29.
  • Richard Ettinghausen. Paintings of the Sultans and Emperors of India in American Collections. Lalit Kala Series of Indian Art New Delhi. pl. 12.
  • Francis Richard. Le Siecle d'Ispahan. Decouvertes Gallimard Paris. p. 42.
  • Instanbul, Isfahan, Delhi: Three Capitals of Islamic Art: Masterpieces from the Louvre Collection. Exh. cat. Istanbul. p. 30.
  • Francis Robinson. Atlas of the Islamic World Since 1500. Oxford. p. 65r.
  • Sumanthi Ramaswamy. The Conceit of the Globe in Mughal Visual Practice. vol. 49, no. 14 Cambridge, England, October 2007. .
  • Shanti Swarup. Flora and Fauna in Mughal Art. Bombay. ill. 75.
  • Smith College Museum of Art. The Way I Remember Them: Paintings by Nusra Latif Qureshi. Exh. cat. fig. 2.
  • Milo Cleveland Beach. The Imperial Image: Paintings for the Mughal Court., 2nd. Washington and Ahmedabad, India, 2012. cat. 22A, pp. 123-4, p.142, fig. 41.
  • A. Azfar Moin. The Millennial Sovereign: Sacred Kingship & Sainthood in Islam. p. 205.
  • Barbara Schmitz. The Imperial Image: Paintings for the Mughal Court. vol. 28, no. 1, Spring 1982. fig. 5.
  • Regula Argast. Menschen in Zeit und Raum. 4 vols. (6-9), , textbook with CDROM. Buchs, Switzerland, 2005 - 2008. p. 73, fig. 54.
  • Allysa Browne Peyton. Orientations Vol. 46 No. 1. p. 78.
  • Milo Cleveland Beach. The Gulshan Album and the Workshops of Prince Salim. vol. 73, no. 2 Zurich. pp. 429-77, fig. 3.
  • Susan Stronge. Indian Painting: Themes, History and Interpretations: Essays in Honour of B.N. Goswamy. Ahmedabad. fig. 9.4.
  • .
  • pp. 290-291.
  • p. 60.
  • p. 108, fig. 2.7.
Collection Area(s)
South Asian and Himalayan Art
Web Resources
Worlds within Worlds: Imperial Paintings from India and Iran
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum

Related Objects