Probably excavated in Jincun, Henan province, China 
From at least 1939
Zhang Naiji (1899-1948), Shanghai and New York, from at least February 1939 
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased through C.T. Loo & Company, New York from Zhang Naiji on April 17, 1939 
 The pendant traditionally was said to have been excavated in Shouzhou, Anhui province based on the information provided by Zhang Naiji to John E. Lodge at the time of acquisition, see J. E. Lodge's note, 1939, in F1939.6 object file. However, the ornament is also stylistically related to objects said to have come from the tombs at Jincun, see Thomas Lawton, Chinese Art of the Warring States Period: Change and Continuity, 480-222 B.C., exh. cat. (Washington, D. C.: Freer Gallery of Art, 1982), p. 141, no. 86.
 See object information sheet and "List of objects contemplated for purchase by Freer Gallery of Art," approved on February 1, 1939, Freer Gallery of Art Purchase List file, copies in object file. According to an annotation on the list, the purchase was made from C. T. Loo & Co., New York acting as agent for the owner and the payment was made on April 17, 1939. Zhang Naiji was a well known collector of ancient Chinese art objects and Chinese coins. While the earliest documentation of Zhang's ownership of the jade dates to February 1939, it is known that Zhang left China in 1938 and did not return there until 1946 [information kindly provided by Daisy Yiyou Wang, email correspondence of May 20, 2009, in object file].
 See "List of objects contemplated for purchase by Freer Gallery of Art," cited in note 2.
- Previous Owner(s)
C.T. Loo & Company active 1908-1950
Zhang Naiji 1899-1948
- Published References
- Thomas Lawton. Chinese Art of the Warring States Period: Change and Continuity, 480-222 B.C. Washington, 1982-1983. cat. 86, p. 141.
- Smithsonian Institution. Report of the Secretary, 1939. Washington. pl. 2.
- Geoffrey WIlls. Jade of the East., 1st ed. New York, 1972. fig. 49.
- Smithsonian Institution. Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution, 1939. Washington, 1939-1940. pl. 2.
- Collection Area(s)
- Chinese Art
- Web Resources
- Google Cultural Institute
- Rights Statement
Copyright with museum