Pendant in the form of a fish with an ear cleaner


Historical period(s)
Anyang period, Late Shang dynasty, ca. 1300-ca. 1050 BCE
Jade (nephrite)
H x W x D: 0.7 × 6.5 × 0.6 cm (1/4 × 2 9/16 × 1/4 in)
China, probably Henan province, Anyang
Credit Line
The Dr. Paul Singer Collection of Chinese Art of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; a joint gift of the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, Paul Singer, the AMS Foundation for the Arts, Sciences, and Humanities, and the Children of Arthur M. Sackler
Paul Singer collection
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Jade, Tool and Equipment


Anyang period (ca. 1300 - ca. 1050 BCE), China, fish, nephrite, Paul Singer collection, Shang dynasty (ca. 1600 - ca. 1050 BCE)

From at least 1935 to probably late 1930s
Zhang Naiji (1899-1948), Shanghai, from at least 1935 [1]

From at least 1960 to 1997
Paul Singer (1904-1997), Summit, New Jersey, from at least 1960 [2]

From 1997
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, bequeathed by Paul Singer [3]


[1] Zhang Naiji lent the object to the International Exhibition of Chinese Art in London in 1935, see Catalogue of the International Exhibition of Chinese Art (London, Royal Academy of Arts, November 28, 1935 - March 7, 1936), cat. 346. Zhang was a salt merchant born to a prestigious family in Zhejiang. He collected ancient Chinese art objects and Chinese coins. It is known that Zhang Naiji sold most of his jades to the dealer C. T. Loo in the late 1930s.

[2] See Zheng Dekun, Archeology in China (Cambridge: W. Heffer, 1960), vol. 2, pl. 18e. Paul Singer mentioned Zhang Naiji’s famed collection of jades and its dispersion in his memoirs completed in February 1993, see Paul Singer, “Reminiscences of a Transient Custodian,” ms., Paul Singer Papers, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, p. 83-84. Singer acquired jades stemming from Zhang’s collection from C. T. Loo & Co. as well as from J. T .Tai in New York. The collection of Chinese art and antiquities assembled by Paul Singer over time was purchased by him on behalf of Arthur M. Sackler, Jillian Sackler, The Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, the AMS Foundation for the Arts, Sciences and Humanities and later was transferred to the children of Arthur M. Sackler.

[3] Upon Paul Singer’s death in January 1997, his collection was transferred to the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery by order of the Executors of the Estate under a loan agreement signed on February 1997. Shortly thereafter, the Sackler Gallery was vested with full ownership and title to the collection in full agreement by the Sackler Foundations and Sackler family members. The formal accession of the Singer collection was completed in 2012.

Previous Owner(s)

Dr. Paul Singer 1904-1997

Published References
  • Royal Academy of Arts. Catalogue of the International Exhibition of Chinese Art, 1935-36. Exh. cat. London. cat. 346.
  • Cheng Te-k'un. Archaeology in China. 3 vols., Cambridge, England. pl. 18e.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum