Vishnu Appears to King Muchukunda in a Cave in the Himalayas


Historical period(s)
c. 1765
Pahari School
Opaque watercolor and gold on paper
H x W (overall): 30.4 x 40.5 cm (11 15/16 x 15 15/16 in)
India, Punjab Hills, Basohli or Guler
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Album, Painting

Album folio with painting

Bhagavata Purana, cave, India, king, mountain, Vishnu, WWII-era provenance

From at least 1967
W.C. Archer, London, from at least 1967 [1]

To 1999
Terence McInerney Fine Arts Ltd., New York City, to 1999

From 1999
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Terence McInerney Fine Arts Ltd. in 1999


[1] The object was in the W.G. Archer Collection when published in Mildred Archer's Indian Miniatures and Folk Paintings (London: Arts Council, 1967), no. 25; therefore, it fulfills all provenance requirements (according to Curatorial Note 3, Milo C. Beach, October 1998, in the object record).

Previous Owner(s)

Terence McInerney Fine Arts Ltd.

Published References
  • Sir William George Archer. Visions of Courtly India: The Archer Collection of Pahari Miniatures. Exh. cat. Washington. cat. nos. 8-10.
  • Dr. Stella Kramrisch. Painted Delight: Indian Paintings in Philadelphia Collections. Philadelphia, PA. cat. nos. 102-4.
  • Portland Museum of Art. Indian Miniature Paintings from the Collection of Edwin Binney, 3rd. Portland. cat. nos. 55 a-b.
  • Mildred Archer. Indian Miniatures and Folk Paintings from the Collection of Mildred and W.G. Archer. Exh. cat. London. cat. 25.
  • D.J. Ehnbom. Indian Miniatures: The Ehrenfeld Collection. New York. cat. 112.
  • B.N. Goswamy. Essence of Indian Art. San Francisco. cat. 115 and 157.
  • Sir William George Archer. Indian Paintings from the Punjab Hills: A Survey and History of Pahari Miniature Painting. 2 vols., New York and London. cat. nos.22i-xiv, pp. 49-51, pls. 22 i-xiv.
  • Milo Cleveland Beach. A Bhagavata Purana from the Punjab Hills and Related Paintings. vol. 60, no.333 Boston, 1965. pp. 168-177.
Collection Area(s)
South Asian and Himalayan Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum