Wind in the Courtyard Pines


Artist: Formerly attributed to Zhao Boju (ca. 1120s-ca.1162)
Historical period(s)
Ming dynasty, 16th century
Ink and color on silk
H x W (image): 93.1 × 56.4 cm (36 11/16 × 22 3/16 in)
Credit Line
Collection of Eugene and Agnes E. Meyer. Gift of Elizabeth Meyer Lorentz in honor of the 75th Anniversary of the Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Hanging scroll (mounted on panel)

China, Ming dynasty (1368 - 1644), pine tree, wind, WWII-era provenance

Shi Minggu (1434-1496), Wujiang, Jiangsu province. [1]

To 1916
Pang Yuanji (1864-1949), Shanghai. [2]

From 1916 to 1970
Eugene Meyer (1875-1959) and Agnes E. Meyer (1887-1970), New York, NY, Washington, DC, and Mt. Kisco, NY, purchased from Pang Yuanji in 1916. [3]

From 1970 to 1998
Elizabeth Meyer Lorentz (1914-2001), Armonk, NY, by descent from her mother Agnes E. Meyer.

From 1998
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Elizabeth Meyer Lorentz. [4]


[1] The Ming connoisseur Shi Minggu’s collector seal is located on the painting.

[2] The painting was published and illustrated in Pang Yuanji’s catalogue, Antique Famous Chinese Paintings Collected by P’ang Lai Ch’en, vol. 1 (Shanghai, Privately published by Pang Yuanji, 1916), no. 23: “Ts’ao Po Chü [Zhao Boju], Pines in the Court.” A seal with Pang Yuanji’s study name, Xuzhai, is located on the paining.

[3] In 1916 Pang Yuanji, with the assistance of Pang Zanchen and Seaouke Yue, sent a group of paintings illustrated in Antique Famous Chinese Paintings Collected by P’ang Lai Ch’en catalogue to New York and showed them to Charles Lang Freer. See Ingrid Larsen, “‘Don’t Send Ming or Later Pictures’: Charles Lang Freer and the First Major Collection of Chinese Painting in an American Museum,” Ars Orientalis vol. 40 (2011), p. 23. Freer made a selection of paintings for his collection and advised Eugene and Agnes E. Meyer as well as Louisine Havemeyer with their acquisitions. Freer’s copy of the 1916 Pang catalogue includes penciled annotations indicating that this painting was purchased by Agnes E. Meyer.

[4] See Elizabeth Meyer Lorentz’s Deed of Gift, dated February 5, 1998, copy in object file.

Previous Owner(s)

Shi Minggu 1434 - 1496
Pang Yuanji 1864-1949
Eugene and Agnes E. Meyer (1875-1959) and (1887-1970)
Elizabeth Meyer Lorentz 1913 - 2001

Published References
  • Pang Yuanji. Tang Wu dai Song Yuan ming hua (Antique Famous Chinese Paintings): Wuxing Pang shi cang (Collected by P'ang Lai Ch'en). Shanghai. pl. 23.
  • Thomas Lawton Thomas W. Lentz. Beyond the Legacy: Anniversary Acquisitions for the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. vol. 1 Washington, 1998. pp. 236-237.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum