Seal Script after Deng Shiru


Artist: Jin Cheng (1878-1926)
Historical period(s)
Modern period, early 20th century
Folding fan mounted as an album leaf; ink on paper
H x W (image): 29.6 x 62.7 cm (11 5/8 x 24 11/16 in)
Credit Line
Gift of Robert Hatfield Ellsworth in honor of the 75th Anniversary of the Freer Gallery of Art
Robert Hatfield Ellsworth collection
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Album, Calligraphy

Fan (mounted as album leaf)

China, copy, Modern period (1912 - present), Robert Hatfield Ellsworth collection, WWII-era provenance
Provenance information is currently unavailable
Previous Owner(s)

Robert Hatfield Ellsworth 1929-2014


On Longevity Hill on Mount Song, there are
four characters formed by a pattern of moss and
flowers, which read: The Cavern of Divine Purity.
Within the cave, a flowing stream churns and
murmurs, bounded by green pines and a vermilion
gate. Only those immortals who are loyal or filial
may reside here. It is said that Ouyang Yongshu
[Ouyang Xiu] once roamed here.

The cave described in this brief text is located on Mount Song in Henan Province, one of the five sacred mountains of Chinese antiquity. Chinese tradition valued loyalty (zhong) and filial piety (xiao) above all other virtues, and outstanding exemplars were often singled out and honored by the throne. For example, the designation "loyal and cultured" (zhong wen) was posthumously conferred on the great Song dynasty writer, scholar, and statesman Ouyang Xiu (1007-1072), who once visited the cave.

Translation by Stephen D. Allee

Published References
  • Thomas Lawton Thomas W. Lentz. Beyond the Legacy: Anniversary Acquisitions for the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. vol. 1 Washington, 1998. pp. 256-261.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Whistler's Neighborhood
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Undetermined copyright