Stamp Seal, male bust with laurel

citation

Ellipsoid shaped stamp seal with engraved design of a bearded male bust in right profile. He wears a pearl drop earring and a necklace. The male bust is supported by a wing like base that is typical for more elaborate portrait busts in Sasanian glyptics. Laurel leaf border. While plenty of male portrait busts are known on seals and impressions on sealings or bullae excavated at sites like Takht-e Sulaiman and Qasr Abu Nasr it is doubtful whether there is any real portrait character intended. Seals like this were a standard social convention.

Historical period(s)
Sasanian period, 224-651
Medium
Chalcedony
Dimensions
H x W x D (overall): 2.7 x 1.5 x 2.1 cm (1 1/16 x 9/16 x 13/16 in)
Geography
Iran
Credit Line
Anonymous gift
Accession Number
F1993.15.1
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Tool and Equipment
Type

Seal

Keywords
Iran, man, Sasanian period (ca. 224 - 651), seal, WWII-era provenance
Provenance

From 1943-45 to 1980
Private collector, purchased in Iran. [1]

From 1980
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of a private collector. [2]

Notes:

[1] According to the donor, object was purchased in Iran between 1943 and 1945. See note by the donor dated from November 24, 1980, copy in object folder, Collection Management Office.

[2] Object was later transferred to the Permanent Collection in April 1993. See Freer Gallery of Art Purchase List after 1920 file, Collections Management Office.

Previous Owner(s)

Joseph M. Upton

Description

Ellipsoid shaped stamp seal with engraved design of a bearded male bust in right profile. He wears a pearl drop earring and a necklace. The male bust is supported by a wing like base that is typical for more elaborate portrait busts in Sasanian glyptics. Laurel leaf border. While plenty of male portrait busts are known on seals and impressions on sealings or bullae excavated at sites like Takht-e Sulaiman and Qasr Abu Nasr it is doubtful whether there is any real portrait character intended. Seals like this were a standard social convention.

Label

Stamp seals of the Sasanian period, often with abbreviated inscriptions, can particularly help us to understand belief systems, aspects of economy and administration in the Middle East between the third and 7th centuries and later. Seals were owned by officials, priests, wealthy property owners, but sometimes also by people from lower strata of the society. The portrait of a bearded man is a popular motif in Sasanian seals. While plenty of male portrait busts are known from impressions on sealings or bullae excavated at sites like Takht-e Sulaiman and Qasr Abu Nasr in Iran, it is doubtful whether there is any real portrait character intended, even when names are preserved.

Published References
  • Catalogue of the Western Asiatic Seals in the British Museum: Stamp Seals II: The Sassanian Dynasty. London. .
Collection Area(s)
Ancient Near Eastern Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum