The Parrot Addresses Khojasta from the Tutinama


Historical period(s)
Mughal dynasty, Reign of Akbar, ca. 1565-1570
Mughal Court
Mughal School
Opaque watercolor, ink and gold on paper
H x W (painting recto): 9.6 × 10.1 cm (3 3/4 × 4 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Album, Painting

Album folio with painting

India, Mughal dynasty (1526 - 1858), parrot, Reign of Akbar (1556 - 1605), WWII-era provenance

To 1959
The Estate of the Honorable Breckenridge Long, Laurel, Maryland, to 1959 [1]

From 1959
Unidentified buyer, purchased at auction, William D. Morley, Inc., Philadelphia, October 7, 1959, lot no. 2303 [2]

Edwin Binney, 3rd, Brookline, MA [3]

William K. Ehrenfeld (died 2005), San Francisco [4]

From 1991
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased at auction, Sotheby's, New York, October 28, 1991, lot no. 2 [5]


[1] According to Curatorial Note 6, Milo C. Beach, November 1991, in the object record.

[2] See note 1.

[3] See Indian Miniature Painting from the Collections of Edwin Binney, 3rd: I. The Mughal and Deccani Schools (Portland Art Museum, 1973), no. 12a (according to Curatorial Note 6, Milo C. Beach, November 1991, in the object record).

[4] See Daniel J. Ehnbom, Indian Miniatures - The Ehrenfeld Collection (Hudson Hills Press, 1985) (according to Curatorial Note 6, Milo C. Beach, November 1991, in object record).

[5] See Curatorial Note 6, Milo C. Beach, November 1991, in object record.

Previous Owner(s)

Sotheby's (New York)
Dr. William K. Ehrenfeld 1935 - 2005
Edwin Binney 3rd
Hon. Breckenridge Long


Originally a fourteenth-century Persian tale, the Tutinama (Tales of a Parrot) consists of fifty-two stories that a parrot tells his mistress, Khojasta, to detain her from leaving home to meet with a lover during her husband's absence. The Persian text on this page identifies it as the forty-fifth story; the parrot tells Khojasta about a cunning snake, thereby advising his mistress to avoid deception. This page comes from an illustrated copy of the text attributed to the patronage of the Mughal emperor Akbar.

Published References
  • Pramod Chandra. The Cleveland Tuti-nama Manuscript and the Origins of Mughal Painting. Chicago. .
  • D.J. Ehnbom. Indian Miniatures: The Ehrenfeld Collection. New York. cat. 5.
  • Anand Krishna. A Reassessment of the Tuti-Nama Illustrations in the Cleveland Museum of Art (and Related Problems on Early Mughal Painting and Painters). vol. 35 Washington and Zurich, 1973. pp. 241-68.
  • Dr. Sherman Lee Pramod Chandra. A Newly Discovered Tuti-Nama and the Continuity of the Indian Tradition of Manuscript Painting. no. 105 London, December 1963. pp. 547-554.
  • Portland Museum of Art. Indian Miniature Paintings from the Collection of Edwin Binney, 3rd. Portland. cat. nos. 12a-d.
  • John Seyller. Overpainting in the Cleveland Tutinama. vol. 52, 3/4 Washington and Zurich. pp. 283-318.
  • Tales of a Parrot: The Cleveland Museum of Art's Tuti-Nama. Cleveland. pp. 277-81.
  • Milo Cleveland Beach. The Imperial Image: Paintings for the Mughal Court., 2nd. Washington and Ahmedabad, India, 2012. cat. 5, p. 52.
Collection Area(s)
South Asian and Himalayan Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum