Throne Panel

citation

Historical period(s)
Mughal dynasty, ca. 1575-1600
School
Mughal School
Medium
Wood
Dimensions
H x W: 6.1 x 49.7 cm (2 3/8 x 19 9/16 in)
Geography
India
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number
F1988.5
On View Location
Currently not on view
Type

Throne panel

Provenance

Sir Howard Hodgkin (born 1932) [1]

To 1988
Terence McInerney Fine Arts Ltd., New York to 1988

From 1988
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Terence McInerney Fine Arts Ltd. in 1988

Notes:

[1] According to Curatorial Note 5 in the object record.

Label

Note: (Kate Theimer, 28 February 1996) As of this date, this entry contains the most complete information regarding this object. All information from the object file has been entered. Original correspondence relating to this object may be found in the object file in Office of the Registrar. All comments after this one will be in chronological order.

1. Original folder sheet note indicates name of source and location at date of acquisition. Source address listed in this record is most current.

2. (Carol Bolon, August 1990) This panel probably was originally part of a throne like that represented in relief on the panel itself. A Muslim king is shown seated on a throne to the left, watching two pairs of figures in combat wielding swords and shields. The king is attended by three courtiers, one of whom presents a warrior to him. To the right, two mounted elephants approach, led by a retainer bearing a standard. This ritualized fighting was meant to entertain the king, rather like gladiators. It is known that Akbar was entertained in this way. This panel is probably datable to Akbar's reign.

3. (Label text, May 1993) On the left of this panel a courtier is presenting two warriors to a Muslim ruler seated on a throne. The piece may have been part of a throne like the one depicted and may date to the reign of Akbar (1556-1605), the third Mughal emperor. Ritualized fighting was often staged for Mughal rulers, and it is known that Emperor Akbar was entertained in this way. Near the center of the panel, two pairs of figures engage in combat, wielding swords and shields. On the right a servant leads two mounted elephants.

4. (Label text, April 1995) [Identical to 1993 text] On the left of this panel a courtier is presenting two warriors to a Muslim ruler seated on a throne. The piece may have been part of a throne like the one depicted and may date to the reign of Akbar (1556-1605), the third Mughal emperor. Ritualized fighting was often staged for Mughal rulers, and it is known that Emperor Akbar was entertained in this way. Near the center of the panel, two pairs of figures engage in combat, wielding swords and shields. On the right a servant leads two mounted elephants.

5. (R. Anderson per J. Smith, Oct 8, 2010) transfer of remark from Provenance Field: "Ex. collection of Howard Hodgkin."

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