Harvesting knife (hu 笏), fragment


Artist: Longshan culture 龍山 (ca. 3000 - ca. 1700 BCE)
Historical period(s)
Late Neolithic period, ca. 2000-ca. 1700 BCE
Jade (nephrite)
H x W x D: 6.9 × 22.3 × 0.5 cm (2 11/16 × 8 3/4 × 3/16 in)
Credit Line
Gift of Eugene and Agnes E. Meyer
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Ceremonial Object, Jade

Ceremonial object

China, Late Neolithic period (ca. 5000 - ca. 1700 BCE), nephrite, WWII-era provenance

Possibly Duanfang (1861-1911) [1]

From at least 1969 to 1970
Eugene Meyer (1875-1959) and Agnes E. Meyer (1887-1970), Washington, DC, and Mt. Kisco, NY [2]

From 1970
Freer Gallery of Art, bequeathed by Agnes E. Meyer [3]


[1] An inscription on the box with which the jade was acquired, “Zhou, Ting, Taozhai zhen cang," provides a reference to the Taozhai, Duanfang’s studio, indicating that the jade may have been part of the Duanfang collection. The jade is not included in Duanfang’s jade catalogue, Taozhai gu yu tu, published posthumously in 1936 in Shanghai, but it is known that not all jades assembled by Duanfang were included in the catalogue.

[2] The object is included in a codicil to Agnes E. Meyer’s will and testament, dated December 23, 1969, copy in object file.

[3] See a codicil to Agnes E. Meyer’s will and testament cited in note 2.

Previous Owner(s)

Eugene and Agnes E. Meyer (1875-1959) and (1887-1970)
Duanfang 1861-1911

Published References
  • Thomas Lawton. Eugene and Agnes E. Meyer Memorial Exhibition. Exh. cat. Washington, 1971. cat. 6, p. 12-13.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum