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- Previous Owner(s)
Folio from a dispersed copy of Sulwan al-muta by Ibn Zafar; text: Arabic in black naskh script; recto: text: 13 lines; verso: illustration and text: The horse and the boar, 3 lines; one of a group of 2 folios.
The Sulwan al-muta' (Solace of Pleasure), composed in 1159 by Ibn Zafar of Sicily, is a series of animal fables illustrating the consequences of human behavior. Written as a moral and ethical guide, it relates closely to the Kalila va Dimna, one of the most frequently illustrated texts of the medieval Muslim world.
The painting relates to a story about the effects of corruption and lying. According to the text, a horse, the embodiment of the liar's soul, crosses a river. His saddle and collar swell with water and almost suffocate him. The horse asks a passing boar for help. Not satisfied with the horse's explanation for his pitiful condition, the boar considers him guilty of some wrongdoing and leaves the animal to his fate.
The text does not mention the turbaned man on the right, perhaps the narrator.
- Published References
- Dr. Esin Atil. Art of the Arab World. Exh. cat. Washington, 1975. cat. 53, pp. 112-113.
- Milo Cleveland Beach. The Imperial Image: Paintings for the Mughal Court. Exh. cat. Washington, 1981. p. 43, fig. 6.
- Robert Hillenbrand. Mamluk and Ilkhanid Bestiaries: Convention and Experiment. no. 20 Washington and Ann Arbor. pp. 157, 187, fig. 43.
- Timurid Art and Culture: Iran and Central Asia in the Fifteenth Century. Leiden and New York. pp. 84-5, fig. 10.
- Collection Area(s)
- Arts of the Islamic World
- Web Resources
- Google Cultural Institute
- Rights Statement
Copyright with museum