Bamboo in the Wind, after Su Shi


Artist: Wu Zhen 吳鎮 (1280-1354)
Historical period(s)
Yuan dynasty, 1350
Ink on paper
H x W (image): 109 x 32.6 cm (42 15/16 x 12 13/16 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Hanging scroll

bamboo, China, WWII-era provenance, Yuan dynasty (1279 - 1368)
Provenance information is currently unavailable
Previous Owner(s)

Tonying and Company


Three columns of calligraphy in cursive script complement a single spray of bamboo bending in the wind. The arc of the bamboo is emphasized by the repetitive, bladelike strokes used to render the leaves.

Wu Zhen, one of the Four Great Masters of the Yuan Dynasty, is particularly renowned for his ink paintings of bamboo. In his inscription, Wu Zhen states that he painted this work after seeing a stone engraving of a similar painting by the Song dynasty artist and poet Su Shi(1037-1101).

To learn more about this and similar objects, visit Song and Yuan Dynasty Painting and Calligraphy.

Published References
  • Dr. John Alexander Pope, Thomas Lawton, Harold P. Stern. The Freer Gallery of Art. 2 vols., Washington and Tokyo, 1971-1972. cat. 62, p. 62.
  • Richard Edwards. The Field of Stones: A Study of the Art of Shen Chou (1427-1509). Oriental Studies Series, no. 5 Washington, 1962. pl. 2 A.
  • Masterpieces of Chinese and Japanese Art: Freer Gallery of Art handbook. Washington, 1976. p. 51.
  • Freer Gallery of Art. Seventh Presentation of the Charles Lang Freer Medal. Washington, 1983. p. 26, fig. 11.
  • James Cahill. Wu Chen: A Chinese Landscapist and Bamboo Artist of the Fourteenth Century. Ann Arbor. pp. 185-187, pl. 37.
  • Ch'en Ch'ing-kuang. Wu Chen: A Painter of the Yuan Dyansty (Yuan tai hua chia Wu Chen). Taipei. p. 242.
  • Chiang I-han. Teng-yu: A Late 14th Century Taoist Painter and his "Bamboo and Rock". vol. 7, no. 4 Taipei, Summer 1973. pp. 49-86, pl. 8.
  • Chinese Dynasties. .
  • Chung kuo ming hua chi / Zhongguo ming hua ji (Famous Chinese Paintings). 40 vols., Shanghai, 1923-1930. cat. 1, pl. 4.
  • Hai wai i chen (Chinese Art in Overseas Collections). Taipei, 1985. vol. 1, cat. 82.
  • Sungmii Lee Han. Wu Chen's "Mo chu p'u": Literati Painter's Manual on Ink Bamboo. Ann Arbor. fig. 64.
  • Arthur Mu-sen Kao. The Life and Art of Li K'an. Ann Arbor. fig. 59.
  • George J. Lee. Chinese Art Society of America: A Review. Vol. 8 Washington and Zurich. p. 319.
  • Osvald Siren. Chinese Painting: Leading Masters and Principles. 7 vols., New York and London, 1956-1958. pl. 51.
  • Suzuki Kei. Chugoku kaiga sogo zuroku (Comprehensive Illustrated Catalog of Chinese Painting). 5 vols., Tokyo, 1982-1983. p. 253.
  • A.G. Wenley. "A Spray of Bamboo" by Wu Chen. vol. 8 Honolulu, 1954. pp. 7-9.
  • The Confucian Persuasion. Stanford, CA. frontispiece.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Song and Yuan Dynasty Painting and Calligraphy
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum