Vase decorated in the mille fleurs design


Polychrome. Six character mark of the Qianlong period in red on base.

Historical period(s)
Qing dynasty or modern period, 19th-early 20th century
Porcelain with enamels over clear, colorless glaze
Jingdezhen ware
H x W: 12.8 x 6.7 cm (5 1/16 x 2 5/8 in)
China, Jiangxi province, Jingdezhen
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view


Jingdezhen ware, Qing dynasty (1644 - 1911)
Provenance information is currently unavailable

Polychrome. Six character mark of the Qianlong period in red on base.


Six character mark of the Qianlong period in red on base


1. Purchased from Ralph M. Chait, New York, N.Y. For price, see Freer Gallery of Art Purchase List after 1920.

2. (H.C. Lovell, 1975) The small vase has an almost globular body and a tall cylindrical neck. The entire surface of the vase is covered with a design generally described as mille-fleur, in this instance a medley of peonies, lotuses, chrysanthemums and irises drawn in pink, green, yellow and blue enamels, completely concealing the white glaze. A six-character mark reading Ta Ch'ing Ch'ien-lung nien-chih in seal script is written in iron red on the base.

The shape of the vase was first used on large monochromes in the K'ang-hsi period (1662-1722), and a number of these early examples have survived. During the 18th century, the proportion of this shape underwent a steady change, and the elegantly attentuated K'ang-hsi silhouette became gradually more squat and ungainly.

3. (Geng Bao Chang, Research Fellow, Palace Museum, Beijing; 9 September 1999). The seal was ground away--fake.

4. (Louise Cort, 18 August 2006) Jan Stuart and Joseph Chang examined the piece and agreed that the mark is not right for a Qianlong imperial mark and neither is the object itself. The likely date is nineteenth or even early twentieth century.

Changed Period from Qing dynasty to Qing dynasty or modern period. Changed Date from 1736-1795 to 19th-early 20th century.

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