Ritual wine container (hu) with masks and dragons


Historical period(s)
Middle Anyang period, Late Shang dynasty, ca. 12th century BCE
H x W x D: 38.1 x 27.4 x 22.7 cm (15 x 10 13/16 x 8 15/16 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Metalwork, Vessel

Ritual vessel

Anyang period (ca. 1300 - ca. 1050 BCE), casting, China, mask, Shang dynasty (ca. 1600 - ca. 1050 BCE), WWII-era provenance

From 1947 to 1948
C.T. Loo & Company, New York, from at least May 6, 1947 [1]

From 1948
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from C.T. Loo & Company on June 21, 1948 [2]


[1] See C. T. Loo's stockcard no. 87520: "Bronze ritual vessel large "HU" on a high oval rim foot. Silvery and rough green patina. SHANG," Frank Caro Archive, Institute of Fine Arts, New York University, copy in object file. According to an annotation on the stockcard, the bronze was imported from China in 1947. On May 6, 1947, it was taken by Loo to the Freer Gallery for examination.

[2] See C. T. Loo's invoice, dated June 21, 1948, copy in object file.

Previous Owner(s)

C.T. Loo & Company active 1908-1950

Published References
  • Dr. John Alexander Pope, Mr. R.J. Gettens, James Cahill, Noel Barnard. The Freer Chinese Bronzes. Oriental Studies Series, vol. 1, no. 7 Washington. cat. 5, p. 47.
  • Daniel Freeman. Shang Bronzes in the Freer Gallery of Art. Washington and Princeton. cat. 27, p. 93.
  • James H. Benn. The Mineralogy of Fossils. no. 244, January-February 1955. pp. 3-20.
  • Chugoku bijutsu (Chinese Art in Western Collections). 5 vols., Tokyo, 1972-1973. fig. 23.
  • Smithsonian Institution. Report of the Secretary, 1947-1948. Washington. p. 44, pl. 1.
  • Sueji Umehara. In-kyo (Yin hsu: Ancient Capital of the Shang Dynasty at An-yang). Tokyo. pl. 94.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum