Mrs. Kirkor Minassian, New York. 
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Mrs. Kirkor Minassian, New York. 
 Curatorial Remark 1 in the object record.
 See note 1.
- Previous Owner(s)
Mrs. Kirkor Minassian
Detached folio from a dispersed copy of the Qur'an; Sura al-'Imran (Family of Imran) 3: part of verse 85, 86, beginning word " 'al-islam"; reverse: blank; Arabic in black and gold muhaqqaq script; a gold roundel verse marker; vocalized in black; one column; 2 lines of text.
With the rapid spread of Islam, the need for more legible and easily transcribable scripts became paramount. In response, calligraphers in the eleventh century began to refine a series of cursive writing styles that were used for both religious and secular texts.
This fragment from the fifteenth century is written in muhaqqaq, one of the most popular cursive scripts reserved for the Qur'an. Particularly favored for its boldness, the script is characterized by slender verticals and sweeping sublinear strokes. In this folio, the word Allah (God) stands out in gold, while the medallion on the right marks the end of the verse. The passage stresses the importance of submission to God.
- Published References
- Fu Shen, Glenn D. Lowry, Ann Yonemura, Thomas Lawton. From Concept to Context: Approaches to Asian and Islamic Calligraphy. Exh. cat. Washington. cat. 41, pp. 120-121.
- Stewart Desmond in association with the editors of Time-Life Books. Early Islam. Great Ages of Man New York. p. 109.
- Collection Area(s)
- Arts of the Islamic World
- Web Resources
- Google Cultural Institute
- Rights Statement
Copyright with museum