From at least 1933
Mrs. Christian R. Holmes (1871-1941), New York and "The Chimneys," Sands Point, Port Washington, Long Island, from at least 1933 
From at least 1944
Tonying and Company, New York from at least February 1944 
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Tonying and Company, New York on February 7, 1944 
 See Umehara Sueji, Shina-Kodo Seikwa (Selected Relics of Ancient Chinese Bronzes from Collections in Europe and America): Part II Ancient Mirrors (Osaka: Yamanaka & Co., 1933), vol. 2, pl. 121.
 See Tonying & Company’s invoice, dated February 7, 1944, in which the mirror figures under no. B. 54: “Mirror, painted lacquer on bronze / Sui” copy in object file. The acquisition was approved by C. G. Abbot, the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, on February 4, 1944, see “List of Objects Contemplated for Purchase by the Freer Gallery of Art,” copy in object file.
 See invoice cited in note 2. See also A. G. Wenley’s letter to C. F. Yau, Tonying & Co., dated February 5, 1944, in which Wenley confirms the purchase of the mirror along with seven other mirrors from the Holmes collection (see records for F1944.3-F1944.6, F1944.8 -F1944.10).
- Previous Owner(s)
Tonying and Company
Mrs. Christian R. Holmes 1871 - 1941
- Published References
- Sueji Umehara. (Obei shucho) Shina kodo seika (Selected Relics of Ancient Chinese Bronzes from Collections in Europe and America). 7 vols., Kyoto and Osaka, 1933-1935. part II, pl. 121.
- Collection Area(s)
- Chinese Art
- Web Resources
- Google Cultural Institute
- Rights Statement
Copyright with museum