Basin (jian) with dragon interlace


Historical period(s)
Middle Eastern Zhou dynasty, ca. 500-450 BCE
H x W: 22.8 x 51.7 cm (9 x 20 3/8 in)
China, Henan province, Huixian
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number
On View Location
Freer Gallery 18: Art and Industry: China's Ancient Houma Foundry
Metalwork, Vessel

Ritual vessel

casting, China, dragon, Eastern Zhou dynasty (770 - 221 BCE), WWII-era provenance

Excavated in Huixian, Henan province, China in 1938 [1]

From 1938 to 1939
C.T. Loo & Company, New York from at least December 30, 1938 [2]

From 1939
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from C.T. Loo & Company on February 3, 1939 [3]


[1] According to Rong Geng, Shang Zhou yiqi tongkao (Beijing: Harvard-Yenching Institute, 1941), vol. 1, p. 470 and vol. 2, pl. 874.

[2] See "List of the objects owned by C. T. Loo, New York [and left by him] at the Gallery for examination on December 30, 1938," copy in object file.

[3] See C. T. Loo's invoice, dated February 3, 1939, copy in object file. The object is dated in the invoice to late Chou dynasty, 5th century B.C.

Previous Owner(s)

C.T. Loo & Company active 1908-1950

Published References
  • Thomas Lawton. Chinese Art of the Warring States Period: Change and Continuity, 480-222 B.C. Washington, 1982-1983. cat. 2, p. 28.
  • Dr. John Alexander Pope, Mr. R.J. Gettens, James Cahill, Noel Barnard. The Freer Chinese Bronzes. Oriental Studies Series, vol. 1, no. 7 Washington. cat. 94, p. 479.
  • Dr. John Alexander Pope, Thomas Lawton, Harold P. Stern. The Freer Gallery of Art. 2 vols., Washington and Tokyo, 1971-1972. cat. 29, p. 156.
  • compiled by the staff of the Freer Gallery of Art. A Descriptive and Illustrative Catalogue of Chinese Bronzes: Acquired During the Administration of John Ellerton Lodge. Oriental Studies Series, no. 3 Washington, 1946. pp. 4, 56, pl. 30.
  • Masterpieces of Chinese and Japanese Art: Freer Gallery of Art handbook. Washington, 1976. p. 17.
  • Grace Dunham Guest A.G. Wenley. Annotated Outlines of the History of Chinese Arts. Washington, 1949. p. 4.
  • Chen Mengjia. Yin Zhou qing tong qi fen lei tu lu (Yin-Chou ch'ing t'ung ch'i fen lei t'u lu). 2 vols., Dongjing. A 840.
  • Ludwig Bachhofer. A Short History of Chinese Art. New York. pl. 30.
  • Caroline Blunden Mark Elvin. Cultural Atlas of China. New York. p. 78.
  • Chin wen tsung chi. Taipei. p. 3770.
  • Chugoku bijutsu (Chinese Art in Western Collections). 5 vols., Tokyo, 1972-1973. fig. 70.
  • The Legacy of China. Oxford. p. 215, fig. 8.
  • Nicole de Bisscop W.G. de Kesel. Chinees Lakwerk. Zutphen. p. 40.
  • Keng Jung Chang Wei. Yin Chou ch'ing t'ung ch'i t'ung lun (A Survey of Shang-Chou Bronzes). Peking. cat. 272.
  • Keng Jung. Shang Chou i chi'i t'ung k'ao (The Bronzes of Shang and Chou). Yenching Journal of Chinese Studies, no. 17 Beijing. pp. 460, 470, fig. 874.
  • Barbara W. Keyser. Decor Replication in Two Late Chou Bronze "Chien". vol. 11 Washington and Ann Arbor. pp. 127-162, see remarks.
  • Mizuno Seiichi. In Shu seidoki to tama (alt. spelling: In-sho seidoki to gyoku) (Bronzes and Jades of Ancient China). Tokyo. pl. 129.
  • Sekai bijutsu zenshu (A Complete Collection of World Art). 40 vols., Tokyo, F1951-1953. cat. 80.
  • Shang Chou chin wen shi ch'eng. multi-vol., Taipei. cat. 7657.
  • Regina L. Shoolman Charles E. Slatkin. The Enjoyment of Art in America: A Survey of the Permanent Collections of Painting, Sculpture, Ceramics & Decorative Arts in American and Canadian Museums: Being an Introduction to the Masterpieces of Art from Prehistoric to Modern Times. Philadelphia and New York. pl. 138.
  • Osvald Siren. Kinas Konst Under Tre Artusenden. 2 vols., Stockholm, 1942-1943. pl. 42 b.
  • Smithsonian Institution. Report of the Secretary, 1939. Washington. pl. 1.
  • Jenny F. So. Bronze Styles of the Eastern Zhou Period. Ann Arbor. pl. 33.
  • William Watson. Ancient Chinese Bronzes. The Arts of the East London. pl. 60a.
  • William Watson. The Art of Dynastic China. New York, 1981. ill. 261.
  • George W. Weber Jr. The Ornament of Late Chou Bronzes: A Method of Analysis. New Brunswick. pl. 8, cover.
  • William Willetts. Foundations of Chinese Art from Neolithic Pottery to Modern Architecture. New York, 1965. p. 117, fig. 87.
  • Zusetsu sekai bunkashi taikei (Cultural History of the World). 27 vols., Tokyo, 1958-1961. p. 28, fig. 23.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum

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