Historical period(s)
Han dynasty, BCE 206-220 CE
Jade (nephrite?)
H x W x D: 3.3 x 5.2 x 0.4 cm (1 5/16 x 2 1/16 x 3/16 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Jade, Jewelry and Ornament


carving, China, Han dynasty (206 BCE - 220 CE), incising, WWII-era provenance

From at least 1939
Zhang Naiji (1899-1948), Shanghai and New York, from at least February 1939 [1]

From 1939
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased through C.T. Loo & Company, New York from Zhang Naiji on April 17, 1939 [2]


[1] See "List of objects contemplated for purchase by Freer Gallery of Art," approved on February 1, 1939, Freer Gallery of Art Purchase List file, copy in object file. According to an annotation on the list, the purchase was made from C. T. Loo & Co., New York acting as agent for the owner and the payment was made on April 17, 1939. John Lodge reported that Zhang Naiji did not know the provenance of the piece, see J. Lodge's note, 1939, in object file. Zhang Naiji was a well known collector of ancient Chinese art objects and Chinese coins. While the earliest documentation of Zhang's ownership of the jade dates to February 1939, it is known that Zhang left China in 1938 and did not return there until 1946 [information kindly provided by Daisy Yiyou Wang, email correspondence of May 20, 2009, in object file].

[3] See "List of objects contemplated for purchase by Freer Gallery of Art," cited in note 1.

Previous Owner(s)

C.T. Loo & Company active 1908-1950
Zhang Naiji 1899-1948

Published References
  • Na Chih-liang. Yu ch'i tz'u t'ien (Dictionary of Chinese Jade). Taipei, 1982. vol. 2, p. 274.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum