J.W.A. Kleykamp, New York. 
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from J.W.A. Kleykamp, New York. 
 Curatorial Remark 1 in the object record.
 See note 1.
- Previous Owner(s)
The significance of this "TLV" mirror as a diagram of the universe is enhanced by the presence of the animals of the four directions: the white tiger of the west, the blue dragon of the east, the vermilion bird of the south, and the dark warrior (tortoise and snake) of the north. The four animal deities appear between the T, L, and V elements in the main decorative zone.
- Published References
- compiled by the staff of the Freer Gallery of Art. A Descriptive and Illustrative Catalogue of Chinese Bronzes: Acquired During the Administration of John Ellerton Lodge. Oriental Studies Series, no. 3 Washington, 1946. p. 72, pl. 38.
- Grace Dunham Guest A.G. Wenley. Annotated Outlines of the History of Chinese Arts. Washington, 1949. p. 5.
- Schuyler Cammann. The "TLV" Pattern on Cosmic Mirrors of the Han Dynasty. vol. 68, no. 4, October-December 1948. pp. 159, 164, fig. 1.
- Orvar Karlbeck. Catalogue of the Collection of Chinese and Korean Bronzes at Hallwyl House. Stockholm. pp. 27-30.
- Bernhard Karlgren. Huai and Han. no. 13 Stockholm. pp. 113-114, pls. 79-80.
- Vincent Virga Library of Congress. Cartographia: Mapping Civilizations., 1st ed. New York. p. 45, pl. 34.
- Florance Waterbury. Bird-Deities in China. Supplementum 10 Ascona, Switzerland. p. 119, pl. 34.
- A. E. K. Cull, James K. Cull, W. Perceval Yetts. The Cull Chinese Bronzes. London. pp. 116-165.
- Collection Area(s)
- Chinese Art
- Web Resources
- Google Cultural Institute
- Rights Statement
Copyright with museum