Mallet-shaped vase


Historical period(s)
Southern Song or Yuan dynasty, late 13th-early 14th century
Stoneware with celadon glaze
Longquan ware
H x W: 25.9 x 11.3 cm (10 3/16 x 4 7/16 in)
China, Zhejiang province, Longquan, Probably Dayao kiln
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number
On View Location
Freer Gallery 06: Imperfectly Beautiful: Inventing Japanese Ceramic Style
Ceramic, Vessel


China, dragon, fish, green glaze, Longquan ware, Southern Song dynasty (1127 - 1279), stoneware, WWII-era provenance, Yuan dynasty (1279 - 1368)

From at least 1937
C.T. Loo & Company, New York from at least February 1, 1937 [1]

From 1937
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from C. T. Loo & Company on May 3, 1937 [2]


[1] C. T. Loo's Approval Memo, dated February 1, 1937, copy in object file.

[2] See C. T. Loo's invoice, dated May 3, 1937, copy in object file. See also C. T. Loo's stockcard no. 9317: "One large Lung-Chuan vase with fish handles coated all over with a very fine green glaze. Sung. Wooden stand," Frank Caro Archive, Institute of Fine Arts, New York University, copy in object file.

Previous Owner(s)

C.T. Loo & Company active 1908-1950


The smooth, luminous blue-green glaze of this vase is characteristic of celadon made in Longquan, in south China, during the late thirteenth to early fourteenth century. The handles, molded in the shape of fish with dragon heads, provide the sole decoration. Although the shape is modeled after a bronze vase, the texture of the Longquan glaze is often compared to jade, a prized material in China. Vases like this were made for domestic use and export.

Published References
  • Dr. John Alexander Pope, Thomas Lawton, Harold P. Stern. The Freer Gallery of Art. 2 vols., Washington and Tokyo, 1971-1972. cat. 89, p. 174.
  • Masterpieces of Chinese and Japanese Art: Freer Gallery of Art handbook. Washington, 1976. p. 69.
  • Dr. Sherman Lee. A History of Far Eastern Art. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1964. p. 369, fig. 485.
  • Warren E. Cox. The Book of Pottery and Porcelain. 2 vols., New York. p. 155.
  • Hai wai i chen (Chinese Art in Overseas Collections). Taipei, 1985. vol. 3, p. 118.
  • The Horizon Book of the Arts of China. New York. p. 246.
  • Mayuyama Junkichi. Obei shuzo chugoku toji zuroku (Chinese Ceramics in the West). Tokyo. pl. 56.
  • Oriental Ceramics (Toyo Toji Taikan): The World's Great Collections. 12 vols., Tokyo. pl. 40.
  • plate 56.
  • p. 46, fig. 4.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum