Semi-circular lunette from above a double window


Historical period(s)
second half 14th century
Gray limestone
H x W x D: 79.2 × 132.5 × 16 cm (31 3/16 × 52 3/16 × 6 5/16 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number
On View Location
Freer Grand Staircase Corridor
Architectural Element, Stone


Iran, WWII-era provenance

To 1936
Dikran G. Kelekian (1868-1951), Cairo, Egypt, Paris, France, and New York to 1936 [1]

From 1936
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Dikran G. Kelekian, New York in 1936 [2]


[1] Undated folder sheet note. See Freer Gallery or Art Purchase List after 1920, Collections Management Office.

[2] See note 1.

Previous Owner(s)

Dikran Garabed Kelekian 1868 - 1951


This stone relief panel originally served as the lunette for a pair of tall, narrow windows in a secular building. The cusped window openings at the lower edge of the lunetter are surmounted by a pair of seated lions. Another striding lion marks the center of the lunette's outer band, in which an antelope and winged griffin are depicted to the left and a winged sphinx and stag to the right.
The lunette belongs to a group of related architectural elements found in the town of Kubatcha in the Russian region of Dagestan on the western shore of the Caspian Sea. The dating of these pieces is based on the style of their animal and floral decoration.

Published References
  • Dr. Esin Atil. Exhibition of 2500 Years of Persian Art. Exh. cat. Washington, 1971. cat. 82.
  • Aleksej Stepanovic Bashkiroff. The Art of Daghestan. Moscow. p. 39, pl. 8.
  • Jean-Paul Roux. L'Islam dans les Collections Nationales: Paris, Grand-Palais, 2 mai - 22 aout, 1977. Exh. cat. Paris. cat. 208.
  • A. A. Ivanov R. A. Alikhanov. The Art of Kubachi. Leningrad. .
  • Sculpture Collection of the Cincinnati Art Museum. Cincinnati, OH. p. 95.
  • Gosudarstvennyi Ermitazh. Masterpieces of Islamic art in the Hermitage Museum. Kuwait. cat. 60.
  • Whitney N. Morgan. Museum Acquisitions. vol. 10, no. 1 New York, January 1938. p. 26-29.
  • Oleg Grabar Bassem El Jesr. Musee de L'Institut du Monde Arabe. Paris. p. 50.
  • Jose Pijoan. Arte Islamico. vol. 12, Summa artis, historia general del arte, 1st ed. Madrid. p. 323, fig. 450.
  • Alfred Salmony. Daghestan Sculptures. vol. 10 Ann Arbor. pp. 153-163, fig. 7.
  • Friedrich Paul Theodor Sarre. Der Kiosk von Konia. Berlin. p. 53, pl. 17.
  • Smithsonian Institution. Report of the Secretary, 1935. Washington, 1935-1936. pl. 1.
  • Smithsonian Institution. Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution, 1936. Washington, 1936-1937. appendix 3, pl. 1.
  • Ozden Suslu. Tasvirlere Gore Anadolu Selcuklu Kiyafetleri (Pieces from the Metropolitan and Daghestan Museums). Ataturk Kultur Merkezi yayini, sayi 35 Ankara. pls. 269-271.
  • Zvezdana Vladimirovna Dode. Kubachi Reliefs: a fresh look at ancient stones. Materials for the study of historical and cultural heritage of the Northern Caucasus, vo. X Moscow. p. 90, fig. 52.
  • Global Textile Encounters. fig. 14.6a.
Collection Area(s)
Arts of the Islamic World
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum