Palace Ladies and Attendants


Artist: Traditionally attributed to Zhou Wenju (傳)周文矩 (active mid-10th century)
Calligrapher: Geng Zhaozhong 耿昭忠 , colophon (1640-1686)
Historical period(s)
Southern Song dynasty, 12th-13th century
Ink and color on silk
H x W (image): 23.2 x 25.1 cm (9 1/8 x 9 7/8 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number
On View Location
Freer Gallery 15: Setting the Bar: Arts of the Song Dynasty
Album, Painting

Fan (mounted as album leaf)

China, Song dynasty (960 - 1279), Southern Song dynasty (1127 - 1279), tea, woman, WWII-era provenance

To 1935
Tonying and Company, New York. [1]

From 1935
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Tonying and Company, New York. [2]


[1] Curatorial Remark 1 in the object record.

[2] See note 1.

Previous Owner(s)

Tonying and Company


To learn more about this and similar objects, visit Song and Yuan Dynasty Painting and Calligraphy.

Published References
  • Thomas Lawton. Chinese Figure Painting. Exh. cat. Washington, 1973. cat. 53, pp. 204-207.
  • James Cahill. Chinese Album Leaves in the Freer Gallery of Art. Washington and Japan, 1961-1962. p. 6.
  • Grace Dunham Guest A.G. Wenley. Annotated Outlines of the History of Chinese Arts. Washington, 1949. p. 11.
  • Song Dynasty Paintings Project. multi-volumed, . .
  • Nicole de Bisscop W.G. de Kesel. Chinees Lakwerk. Zutphen. p. 66.
  • Richard Edwards. Mou I's Colophon to His Pictorial Interpretation of "Beating the Clothes". vol. 18 Honolulu. p. 10, fig. 2.
  • Thomas Lawton. Notes on Keng Chao-chung. no. 6 Hong Kong, Spring 1976. pl. 89.
  • Mrs. Hin-cheung Lovell. Sung and Yuan Monochrome Lacquers in the Freer Gallery. vol. 9 Washington and Ann Arbor. pl. 17.
  • Smithsonian Institution. Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution, 1935. Washington, 1935-1936. appendix 3, pl. 2.
  • Smithsonian Institution. Report of the Secretary, 1935. Washington, 1935-1936. pl. 2.
  • Suzuki Kei. Chugoku kaiga sogo zuroku (Comprehensive Illustrated Catalog of Chinese Painting). 5 vols., Tokyo, 1982-1983. p. 238.
  • .
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Song and Yuan Dynasty Painting and Calligraphy
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum

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