Square lidded ritual wine warmer (fangjia) with taotie and dragons


Historical period(s)
Late Anyang period, Late Shang dynasty, ca. 1200-1050 BCE
H x W: 40.6 x 25.1 cm (16 x 9 7/8 in)
China, Henan province, Anyang
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Metalwork, Vessel

Ritual vessel

casting, China, dragon, mask, Shang dynasty (ca. 1600 - ca. 1050 BCE), taotie, wine, WWII-era provenance

From at least 1935
C.T. Loo & Company, New York from at least January 5, 1935 [1]

From 1935
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from C.T. Loo & Company, New York on March 13, 1935 [2]


[1] See Approval Memo with annotation: "Brought in by C. T. Loo's nephew," dated January 5, 1935, in object file. The object is described as discovered at Zhangde Fu in Henan province.

[2] See C. T. Loo's invoice dated March 13, 1935, copy in object file.

Previous Owner(s)

C.T. Loo & Company active 1908-1950


Taotie appear on the body, posts, and lid of this fangjia. Cicadas decorate the neck, and pairs of dragons form the legs.

Published References
  • Dr. John Alexander Pope, Mr. R.J. Gettens, James Cahill, Noel Barnard. The Freer Chinese Bronzes. Oriental Studies Series, vol. 1, no. 7 Washington. cat. 22, pp. iv, 133.
  • compiled by the staff of the Freer Gallery of Art. A Descriptive and Illustrative Catalogue of Chinese Bronzes: Acquired During the Administration of John Ellerton Lodge. Oriental Studies Series, no. 3 Washington, 1946. pp. 6, 22, pls. 1-2.
  • Grace Dunham Guest A.G. Wenley. Annotated Outlines of the History of Chinese Arts. Washington, 1949. p. 2.
  • Dr. Sherman Lee. A History of Far Eastern Art. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1964. p. 40, fig. 28.
  • Chen Mengjia. Yin Zhou qing tong qi fen lei tu lu (Yin-Chou ch'ing t'ung ch'i fen lei t'u lu). 2 vols., Dongjing. A 315.
  • Chin wen tsung chi. Taipei. p. 2393.
  • Carl Hentze. Bronzegerat, Kultbauten: Religion im ältesten China der Shang-Zeit. 2 vols., Antwerp. pl. 36.
  • Keng Jung Chang Wei. Yin Chou ch'ing t'ung ch'i t'ung lun (A Survey of Shang-Chou Bronzes). Peking. cat. 114.
  • Studies of the Bronze Chia-Vessel Excavated from Hsiao Tu'n & Hou Chia Chuang: Its Casting Process and Decorative Patterns. Archaeologia Sinica. New series, no. 3 Nanking, Taiwan. p. 57, pl. 2.
  • Keng Jung. Shan chai i ch'i t'u lu (Illustrated Catalogue of Bronzes in the Collection of Liu T'i-chih). Chinese texts and studies 3 vols., Peking. p. 27b, pl. 101a, b.
  • Liu Wang-hang. Chiu yu ch'ing t'ung chiu ch'i. No. 22 Taipei. p. 7.
  • Mizuno Seiichi. In Shu seidoki to tama (alt. spelling: In-sho seidoki to gyoku) (Bronzes and Jades of Ancient China). Tokyo. pl. 34.
  • and Publisher New Orient Society of America. Oriental Art in America: Recent Accessions in American Museums. Chicago. pl. 7.
  • Shang Chou chin wen shi ch'eng. multi-vol., Taipei. cat. 4660.
  • Smithsonian Institution. Report of the Secretary, 1935. Washington, 1935-1936. pl. 2.
  • Sueji Umehara. On the Shapes of the Bronze Vessels of Ancient China: An Archaeological Study. Toho Bunka Gakuin kyoto kenkyujo kenkyu hohoku, vol.15 Kyoto. pl. 27, fig. 4.
  • Sueji Umehara. Selected Ancient Treasures Found at An-yang, Yin sites, Kanan Anyo iho. Kyoto. p. 51, pl. 47.
  • Sueji Umehara. Shina kokogaku ronko (Studies in Chinese Archaeology). Showa 13 Tokyo, 1938-1940. pl. 80.
  • Benjamin Rowland, Laurence Sickman, H. G. Henderson, Robert Treat Paine, Richard Ettinghausen, Eric Schroeder. The University Prints. Oriental Art Series O 4 vols. Newton, Massachusetts, 1938-1941. Section 2: Early Chinese Art, pl. 90.
  • unknown title. vol. 1, no. 11 Amsterdam. p. 28.
  • Sueji Umehara. Kanan An'yo no shutsudo to suiteiserareru niko no son'i: A Chinese Wine-Vase and Wine-Cup presumed to come from An-yang, Ho-nan Province. vol. 551, October 1936. pp. 300-306, 310.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum