Axe (qi) with dragons and masks


Historical period(s)
Western Zhou dynasty, ca. 1050-771 BCE
Bronze with iron blade, meteoric metal
H x W: 17.1 x 10.8 cm (6 3/4 x 4 1/4 in)
China, Henan Province, purportedly from Xunxian
purportedly from Xunxian
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Metalwork, Weapon and Armament


casting, China, dragon, mask, Western Zhou dynasty (ca. 1050 - 771 BCE), WWII-era provenance
Provenance information is currently unavailable
Previous Owner(s)

Tonying and Company

Published References
  • Hiroshi Shiomi. Higashi Ajia no shoki tekki bunka. Tokyo. fig. 5.
  • Cheng Te-k'un. Archaeology in China. 3 vols., Cambridge, England. pl. 32a.
  • Sueji Umehara. Chugoku shutsudo no ichigun no doriki ni tsuite (One Find of Ancient Bronze Tools in China). Kyoto. pl. 2.
  • Rutherford John Gettens, Roy S. Clarke, Jr., W. Thomas Chase. Two Early Chinese Bronze Weapons with Meteoritic Iron Blades. vol. 4, no. 1, Washington, 1971. p. 4, 59, fig. 1, 28.
  • Zachary Taylor. Ancient Chinese Glass., November-December 1974. pp. 27-31.
  • unknown title. no. 8. p. 43.
  • Hsueh-chin Li. Several Shang, Chou Objects Collected in America and Australia. no. 12. pp. 72-76.
  • compiled by the staff of the Freer Gallery of Art. A Descriptive and Illustrative Catalogue of Chinese Bronzes: Acquired During the Administration of John Ellerton Lodge. Oriental Studies Series, no. 3 Washington, 1946. p. 98, pl. 49.
  • Robert Hutchinson, Alex W. R. Bevan, J. M. Hall. Catalogue of Meteorites., incl. appendix. London. pp. 252-253.
  • Edwards Park. Treasures from the Smithsonian Institution., 1st ed. Washington and New York. p. 339.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum