Folio from a Divan (collected poems) by Sultan Ahmad Jalayir (d.1410); recto: Pastoral scene; verso: text

citation

Detached folio from a Divan (Collected poems) by Sultan Ahmad Jalayir; text: Persian in black nasta’liq script, headings in Arabic in red and blue nasta’liq; recto: Pastoral scene, figures in landscape, two columns, 14 lines; verso: text, two columns, 14 lines, 48 lines of marginal text; one of a group of 9: the manuscript, its separated cover (F1932.29), and 7 detached folios (F1932.31-37) are accessioned separately.

Historical period(s)
Jalayirid dynasty, Mongol period, ca. 1400
Medium
Ink, color, and gold on paper
Dimensions
H x W: 29.5 x 20.4 cm (11 5/8 x 8 1/16 in)
Geography
Iraq, Baghdad
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number
F1932.30
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Manuscript
Type

Detached manuscript folio

Keywords
cow, divan, farmer, goose, Iraq, Jalayirid dynasty (1340 - 1432), landscape, Mongol period (1220 - 1380), poems
Provenance

To 1932
Dr. Jacob Hirsch, New York to 1932 [1]

From 1932
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Dr. Jacob Hirsch, New York in 1932 [2]

Notes:

[1] Object file, undated folder sheet note.

[2] See note 1. Also see Freer Gallery of Art Purchase List file, Collections Management Office. For further information in connection with this purchase see letter to Dr. Hirsch written by M. Aga-Oglu, January 4, 1932, Letter File (Hirsch).

Previous Owner(s)

Dr. Jacob Hirsch 1874? - 1955

Description

Detached folio from a Divan (Collected poems) by Sultan Ahmad Jalayir; text: Persian in black nasta'liq script, headings in Arabic in red and blue nasta'liq; recto: Pastoral scene, figures in landscape, two columns, 14 lines; verso: text, two columns, 14 lines, 48 lines of marginal text; one of a group of 9: the manuscript, its separated cover (F1932.29), and 7 detached folios (F1932.31-37) are accessioned separately.

Label

Among the Persian manuscripts in the Freer Gallery is a rare volume of poetry written by Sultan Ahmad, the last ruler of the Jalayirid dynasty (Iraq and western Iran, 1336-1410). The sultan's poems concern mystical themes, extolling divine love and praising God the creator. They are set off in this manuscript of the Diwan by eight delicate tinted drawings that seem to grow out from under the text panel and into the margins.

Although these unusual scenes do not directly depict their nearest verses, they do evoke the idea of man's quest for spiritual enlightenment, a theme common to virtually all Persian mystical poetry. This particular scene has been interpreted as the first stage in the spiritual journey in search of Divine wisdom. This work also epitomizes the classical style of Persian painting that began to develop in the second half of the fourteenth century under the auspices of royal patrons such as Sultan Ahmad Jalayirid.

Collection Area(s)
Arts of the Islamic World
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum

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