Portrait of a Painter


Historical period(s)
Ottoman period, Probably reign of Mehmet II, late 15th century
Opaque watercolor and gold on paper
H x W (overall): 28.7 x 18.8 cm (11 5/16 x 7 3/8 in)
Turkey, Probably Istanbul
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view


Ottoman period (1307 - 1922), portrait, Turkey

Jacques Doucet, Paris [1]

Parish-Watson Company, New York 1932 [2]

From 1932
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Parish-Watson Company, New York in 1932 [3]


[1] Object file, undated folder sheet note.

[2] Object file, undated folder sheet note. Also see Freer Gallery of Art Purchase List file, Collections Management Office.

[3] See note 2.

Previous Owner(s)

Parish-Watson Company
Jacques Doucet 1853 - 1929


After defeating the Byzantines and establishing Istanbul as the new capital of the Ottoman empire, Mehmet II (reigned 1451–81) invited a number of Italian painters, including Gentile Bellini (ca. 1429–1507) and Costanzo da Ferrara (ca. 1450–after 1524), to work at his court. This portrait is based on a composition attributed to Ferrara, now in the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston. Notable for its fine details and sensitive modeling, the Ottoman version has been erroneously ascribed to the fifteenth-century Persian painter Bihzad.

Published References
  • Aube Lebel. Moi, Iskandar, calligraphe de Soliman. Paris. cover, pp.5-6,33.
  • Larry Ball. 30,000 Years of Art: The Story of Human Creativity Across Time and Space. London and New York, 2007. p. 718.
  • Dr. Esin Atil. Islamic Art in the Freer Gallery. vol. 3, no. 3, Autumn 1985. p. 58, fig. 3.
  • Dr. Esin Atil. Ottoman Art at the Freer Gallery of Art. no. 4 Istanbul, 1970-1971. pp. 187, 192-193, pl. 2.
  • Ottoman Miniature Painting Under Sultan Mehmed II. vol. 9 Washington and Ann Arbor. pp. 115-119, pl. 11, fig. 25.
  • Dr. Esin Atil. Turkish Art of the Ottoman Period. Exh. cat. Washington. cat. 3, p. 12.
  • Turkish Art. Washington and New York. frontispiece, pp. 148, 157, fig. 67.
  • Lawrence Binyon, J.V.S. Wilkinson, Basil Gray. Persian Miniature Painting: A Descriptive Catalogue of the Miniatures Exhibited at Burlington House, January-March 1931. Exh. cat. Oxford, January - March 1931. pl. 80A.
  • Kurt Blauensteiner. Die internationale Ausstellung persischer Kunst in London. Monatsscrift fur Sammler und Kunstfreunde, vol. 10 Wien, Leipzig und Zürich. p. 166, no. 69.
  • Jerry Brotton. The Renaissance Bazaar from the Silk Road to Michelangelo. Oxford. fig. 8.
  • Caroline Campbell Alan Chong. Bellini and the East. Exh. cat. New Haven. p. 125.
  • Ernst Diez. Iranische Kunst. Wien. opp. p. 65.
  • James Randolph. Freer Gallery Houses Fabulous Art. vol. 7, no. 79 Tokyo and Sydney, July 1956. front cover.
  • Galerie Georges Petit. Collection Jacques Doucet: Ceramiques d'Extreme-Orient, Peintures Chinoises et Japonaises; Faiences de La Perse, de la Transcaspie et de la M'esopotamie, Miniatures Persanes. Paris, 1930. pl. 30.
  • Rene Grousset. The Civilizations of the East. 4 vols., New York and London, 1931-1934. p. 273, fig. 202.
  • Antonio Garcia Jaen. Arte y Artistas Musulmanes. Madrid. p. 1 verso.
  • Catalogue of the International Exhibition of Persian Art. Exh. cat. London. p. 41.
  • Georges Marteau Henri Vever. Miniatures Persanes: tirees des collections de M.M. Henry d'Allemagne, Claude Anet, Henri Aubrey... 2 vols., Paris, June-October 1912. pl. 9.
  • F. R. Martin. The Miniature Painting and Painters of Persia, India, and Turkey from the 8th to the 18th Century. 2 vols., London. pp. 91-92, pl. 225.
  • John Rupert Martin. A Portrait by Gentile Bellini Found in Constantinople. vol. 9, no. 39 London, June 1906. pp. 144, 148-149.
  • F. R. Martin. New Originals and Oriental Copies of Gentile Bellini Found in the East. vol. 17, no. 85 London, April 1910. pp. 2, 5-7.
  • Abdelwahab Meddeb. Occident Visto desde Orient. Exh. cat. Barcelona. p. 51.
  • Olympiada Galerkina. On Some Miniatures Attributed to Bihzad from Leningrad Collections. vol. 8 Washington and Ann Arbor. p. 128, pl. 11, fig. 21.
  • Orhan Pamuk. Ik heet Karmozijn (My Name is Red). Amsterdam. front cover.
  • Richard Ettinghausen Ernst Kuhnel. A Survey of Persian Art from Prehistoric Times to the Present. 6 vols., London and New York, 1938 - 1939. pp. 4, 1865, pl. 690.
  • Gerald MacLean. Re-Orienting the Renaissance: Cultural Exchanges with the East. Basingstoke, England. front cover.
  • Franz Rosenthal. Four Essays on Art and Literature in Islam. The L.A. Mayer Memorial Studies in Islamic Art and Archaeology, vol. 2 London. pl. 19.
  • Armenag Sakisian. Djem Sultan et les fresques de Pinturicchio. Paris, February 1925. p. 85.
  • Armenag Sakisian. La Miniature Persane du XIIe au XVIIe siecle: Ouvrage accompagne de la reproduction de 193 miniatures dont deux en couleurs. Paris and Brussels. p. 79, pl. 55.
  • Friedrich Paul Theodor Sarre F. R. Martin. Die Ausstellung von Meisterwerken Muhammedanischer Kunst in Muchen, 1910. 3 vols., Munich. vol. 1, pl. 27.
  • Friedrich Paul Theodor Sarre. Eine Miniature Gentile Bellinis gemalt 1479-1480 in Konstantinopel. vol. 27, no. 4 Berlin, October 1906. .
  • Friedrich Paul Theodor Sarre. The Miniature by Gentile Bellini Found in Constantinople Not a Portrait of Sultan Djem. vol. 15, no. 76 London, June 1909. pp. 237-238.
  • Philipp Walter Schulz. Die Persisch-Islamische Miniaturmalerei: Ein Beitrag zur Kunstgeschichte Irans. 2 vols, Leipzig. p. 118.
  • Sekai bijutsu zenshu (A Complete Collection of World Art). 40 vols., Tokyo, 1960-1966. fig. 65.
  • David Talbot Rice. Islamic Art. The World of Art, rev. ed. New York and Toronto, 1965-1975. pp. 225-226, 279, fig. 226.
  • Islamic Art and Patronage: Treasures from Kuwait. Exh. cat. New York. pp. 227, 230, fig. 30.
  • Bihzad Memoirs III, Congres International d’art et d’archeologie Iraniens, 1930. Leningrad and Moscow. p. 117.
  • Mohammed Mostafa. Darstellung des taglichen Lebens in der islamischen Kunst. vol. 2 Vienna. p. 46, fig. 47.
  • Richard Yeomans. The Art and Architecture of Ottoman Istanbul. .
  • p. 25.
Collection Area(s)
Arts of the Islamic World
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum