One face of a fence-rail from Bharhut: King visits the Buddha (Great Miracle of Sravasti)


Historical period(s)
early 2nd century BCE
H x W x D: 48 x 52.8 x 8.9 cm (18 7/8 x 20 13/16 x 3 1/2 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number
On View Location
Freer Gallery 02: Body Image: Arts of the Indian Subcontinent
Sculpture, Stone

Buddhist sculpture

Buddhism, dharmachakra, India, king, throne
Provenance information is currently unavailable
Previous Owner(s)

Hagop Kevorkian 1872 - 1962


For centuries after the historical Buddha transcended the cycle of rebirth (samsara), artists refrained from depicting his human form. Instead, they portrayed the presence of the Buddha with thrones he had sat upon, trees he had meditated under, and paths he had walked. Here, the visit of a royal couple to the living Buddha is represented by their worship of a flower-strewn throne beneath a garlanded wheel (chakra), which together indicate the Buddha and his teachings.

Published References
  • Aschwin Lippe. The Freer Indian Sculptures. Oriental Studies Series, no. 8 Washington, 1970. pl. 4.
  • Ludwig Bachhofer. Early Indian Sculpture. 2 vols., New York. pl. 28.
  • Anne Bancroft. Religions of the East. New York. p. 84.
  • Capolavori nei secoli: Enciclopedia di tutte i popoli in tutti i tempi. 12 vols., Milan, 1961 - 1964. p. 162.
  • Dr. Ananda K. Coomaraswamy. Elements of Buddhist Iconography. Cambridge, MA. pl. 5, fig. 18.
  • Dr. Ananda K. Coomaraswamy. History of Indian and Indonesian Art. New York and London. pl. 13, fig. 45.
  • Dr. Ananda K. Coomaraswamy. La Sculpture de Bharhut. Bibliotheque d'art, nouvelle serie; 6 Paris. pl. 25, fig. 66.
  • Dr. Ananda K. Coomaraswamy. The Two Reliefs from Bharhut in the Freer Gallery. Calcutta, June/December 1938. pl. 35.
  • Vidya Dehejia. Stupas and Sculptures of Early Buddhism. vol. 2, no. 3 New York, Summer 1989. .
  • foreward by Pupul Jayakar. Festival of India in the United States, 1985-1986. New York. p. 61.
  • Mizuno Seiichi Yukio Kobayashi. Zukai kokogaku jiten (Dictionary of Archaeology). Tokyo. p. 902.
  • Report from America (East Coast). New Series, vol. 31, no. 3, Autumn 1985. p. 315.
  • pp. 26-27.
  • p. 157, fig. 16.
Collection Area(s)
South Asian and Himalayan Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum

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