Jahangir Giving Books to Shaykhs; from the St. Petersburg Album


Artist: Attributed to Lalchand
Calligrapher: Imad al-Hasani (died 1615)
Borders: Muhammad Hadi (Iranian, active mid-18th century) Muhammad Baqir (mid-18th century)
Historical period(s)
Mughal dynasty, Reign of Jahangir, ca. 1620; borders mid-18th century; calligraphy AH 1020 (1611-12)
Mughal Court
Mughal School
Opaque watercolor, ink and gold on paper
H x W: 31.7 x 20.5 cm (12 1/2 x 8 1/16 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Album, Painting

Album folio with painting

book, emperor, flower, India, Mughal dynasty (1526 - 1858), nasta'liq script, Reign of Jahangir (1605 - 1627)

To 1739
Mughal Imperial Library, Delhi to 1739 [1]

From 1739 to late 19th century
Persian Imperial Library, taken from Mughal Imperial Library at the Sack of Delhi in 1739 [2]

About late 19th century
Czar Nicholas II (?), Russian Imperial Collection [3]

To 1931
Hagop Kevorkian (1872-1962), New York to 1931 [4]

From 1931
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Hagop Kevorkian, New York in 1931 [5]


[1] Object file, Curatorial remarks, Milo C. Beach, March 4, 1994.

[2] See note 1.

[3] See note 1.

[4] Object file, undated folder sheet note. See also Freer Gallery of Art Purchase List file, Collections Management Office.

Previous Owner(s)

Hagop Kevorkian 1872 - 1962
Mughal Imperial Library
Persian Imperial Library
Czar Nicholas II

Published References
  • Milo Cleveland Beach. The Imperial Image: Paintings for the Mughal Court. Exh. cat. Washington, 1981. cat. 17d, pp. 80, 171-172.
  • A. T. Adamova. Mediaeval Persian Painting: The Evolution of an Artistic Vision. Biennial Ehsan Yarshater Lecture Series, no. 3 New York. p. 83.
  • De Artibus Opuscula XL: Essays in Honor of Erwin Panofsky. 2 vols., New York. pl. 31.
  • Richard Ettinghausen. Islamic Art and Archaeology: Collected Papers. Berlin. p. 557.
  • Clement Huart. Les calligraphes et les miniaturistes de l'Orient musulman

    . Paris. p. 239ff.

  • Milo Cleveland Beach. The Imperial Image: Paintings for the Mughal Court., 2nd. Washington and Ahmedabad, India, 2012. cat. 22D, pp. 128-131.
  • Richard Ettinghausen. The Emperor's Choice., reprint. New York. pl. 31.
  • Freer Gallery of Art. Gallery Book IV: Exhibition of September 24, 1934. Washington, September 24, 1934. .
  • .
Collection Area(s)
South Asian and Himalayan Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum