Kirkor Minassian, New York to 1930 
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Kirkor Minassian, New York in 1930 
 Object file, undated folder sheet note.
 See note 1. Also see Freer Gallery of Art Purchase List file, Collections Management Office.
- Previous Owner(s)
Kirkor Minassian 1874 - 1944
Detached folio from a dispersed copy of the Qur'an; recto: Sura al-Nazi'at (Those who drag forth) 79:7-39, one column,12 lines of text; verso: Sura al-Nazi'at (Those who drag forth) 79:40-46, Sura Abasa (He frowned), 80:1-19, verso begins with "waw amma man", one columne,10 lines; Arabic in black and gold muhaqqaq script with white heading in thuluth script; illuminated rosette verse markers; vocalized in black and red; illuminated title band; one of a group of 5 folios.
Border: The text is set in gold and black rulings on cream-colored paper.
By the thirteenth century, a number of more cursive writing styles had replaced kufic as the preferred scripts for the Qur'an. One of the most prevalent such scripts was muhaqqaq, notable for its tall, slender verticals and sweeping sublinear strokes. The other popular cursive script was thuluth, reserved primarily for monumental inscriptions on objects, buildings, and chapter headings as is evident here.
The page on view includes verses from two chapters, al-Nazi`at (Those Who Drag Forth) and Abasa (He Frowned) that occur towards the end of the Qur'an. The first reminds Muslims of the coming of the Day of Judgment, while the second sura cautions against judging people by their appearance.
- Published References
- Dr. Esin Atil. Art of the Arab World. Exh. cat. Washington, 1975. cat. 42, p. 98-99.
- Anna Contadini. The Kitab Manafi 'al Hayawan in the Escorial Library. no. 3. p. 48, no. 5.
- Hayat Salam Liebich. L'Art Islamique: Bassin Mediterraneen. La Grammaire des Styles Paris. p. 61.
- Collection Area(s)
- Arts of the Islamic World
- Web Resources
- Google Cultural Institute
- Rights Statement
Copyright with museum