Pendants, beads, and gold chain


Historical period(s)
Warring States period, Eastern Zhou dynasty, 475-221 BCE
Jade (nephrite) and gold
H x W (overall): 42 x 20 cm (16 9/16 x 7 7/8 in)
China, Henan province, Probably Jincun
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Jade, Jewelry and Ornament


carving, China, dance, Eastern Zhou dynasty (770 - 221 BCE), nephrite, plaited wire, tiger, Warring States period (475 - 221 BCE), wirework, woman

Possibly excavated from a tomb of the late Warring States period at Jincun, Henan province, China [1]

C. T. Loo & Company, New York 1930 [2]

From 1930
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from C. T. Loo & Company, New York in 1930 [3]


[1] See Thomas Lawton, Chinese Art of the Warring States Period: Change and Continuity, 480-222 B.C., exhibition cat. (Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1982), pg. 132, cat. no. 77.

[2] Object file, undated folder sheet. See also Freer Gallery of Art Purchase List file, Collections Management Office.

Previous Owner(s)

C.T. Loo & Company active 1908-1950


When the museum acquired this assemblage in 1930, shortly after the discoveries at Jincun, these four pendants and six cylindrical beads were attached to the linked gold chain as shown. Recent scientific study confirms both the jade and the chain are genuine to the period, but they might not have been together in ancient times.

To fashion these ornate pendants, Jincun craftsmen used relatively sophisticated metal tools to cut, drill, facet, and polish thin slices of beige nephrite. Patience and skill produced the dramatic contours, textured surfaces, and intricate openwork details that are an amazing aesthetic and technical advancement over the largely unadorned disks of the Neolithic period.

Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum