Kirkor Minassian, New York to 1929 
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Kirkor Minassian, New York in 1929 
 Object file, undated folder sheet note.
 See note 1. Also see Freer Gallery of Art Purchase List file, Collections Management Office.
- Previous Owner(s)
Kirkor Minassian 1874 - 1944
Detached folio from a dispersed copy of the Qur'an; recto: Sura al-Ma'ida (the Table spread) 5: part of 13 and 14, recto begins with "tattali'u"; verso: sura 5:14 and part of 15, verso begins with "faghrayna"; Arabic in brown maghribi script ; gold-knot verse markers; gold tear-drop leaf ornament verse marker; vocalized in green and yellow, diacritics in brown, tashdid and sukun in blue; one column; 7 lines of text; one of a group of 2 folios.
By the thirteenth century, different regions throughout the Islamic world had developed their own scripts. In north Africa and Islamic Spain, the so-called maghribi, or Western style, became predominant and changed little over the centuries. The small rectangular folio is typical of this script with its open curves and full, rounded forms. Like all Islamic scripts, maghribi is written with a reed pen. The gold lozenge indicates the end of a verse, and the colored circles above and below the letters are diacritical marks.
The fifth chapter of the Qur'an, al-Ma'ida (Tablespread), is believed to be the last revelation received by the Prophet and reminds Muslims of their religious duties and responsibilities.
- Published References
- Fu Shen, Glenn D. Lowry, Ann Yonemura, Thomas Lawton. From Concept to Context: Approaches to Asian and Islamic Calligraphy. Exh. cat. Washington. cat. 40, pp. 118-119.
- Dr. Esin Atil. Art of the Arab World. Exh. cat. Washington, 1975. cat. 7, p. 26-27.
- Collection Area(s)
- Arts of the Islamic World
- Web Resources
- Google Cultural Institute
- Rights Statement
Copyright with museum