Horokaku Mandara: The Buddha and attendant divinities


Historical period(s)
Heian period, 12th century
Color and gold on silk panel
H x W (overall): 256.6 x 109.6 cm (101 x 43 1/8 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Hanging scroll (mounted on panel)

attendant, Buddha, Buddhism, dharmachakra, Dhritarastra, Heian period (794 - 1185), Japan, kakemono, Mahakala, mandala, Mount Meru, mudra, prayer beads, preaching, stupa, throne, Vaisravana, vajra, Vajrapani, Virudhaka

Yamanaka and Company, New York 1929 [1]

From 1929
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Yamanaka and Company, New York in 1929 [2]


[1] Object file, undated folder sheet. Also see Freer Gallery of Art Purchase List file, Collections Management Office.

[2] See note 1.

Previous Owner(s)

Yamanaka and Co.

Published References
  • Dr. John Alexander Pope, Thomas Lawton, Harold P. Stern. The Freer Gallery of Art. 2 vols., Washington and Tokyo, 1971-1972. cat. 2, p. 153.
  • Masterpieces of Chinese and Japanese Art: Freer Gallery of Art handbook. Washington, 1976. p. 93.
  • Yashiro Yukio. 2000 Years of Japanese Art. New York. p. 127, pl. 61.
  • H. Batterson Boger. The Traditional Arts of Japan: A Complete Illustrated Guide. Garden City, NY. p. 28.
  • Genshoku Nihon no Bijutsu (A Kaleidoscope of Japanese Art). 30 vols., Tokyo, 1966-1980. p. 230, pl. 4.
  • Benjamin Rowland, Laurence Sickman, H. G. Henderson, Robert Treat Paine, Richard Ettinghausen, Eric Schroeder. The University Prints. Oriental Art Series O 4 vols. Newton, Massachusetts, 1938-1941. Section 3: Japanese Art, pl. 302.
  • The Horizon Book of the Arts of China. New York. p. 346.
  • Jean Buhot. Histoire des Arts du Japon. Annales du Musee Guimet, Bibliotheque d'Art, nouv. ser., no. 5 Paris. pl. 46, fig. 228.
  • Rose Hempel. The Golden Age of Japan, 794-1192. New York. fig. 103.
  • Kanai Shuin. Toyo Gadai Soran (Dictionary of Subjects Used in Japanese Paintings). 11 vols., Kyoto and Tokyo, 1941-1943. pl. 31.
  • Matsushita Takaaki. Japanese Art in the U.S.A. nos. 32-33 Tokyo, November/December 1953. p. 9, pl. 1.
  • Yashiro Yukio. Two Masterpieces of Buddhistic Painting In American Collections, Parts I - II. nos. 61, 63 Tokyo, January and March 1937. pp. 1-9, 8017, pls. 2-3.
  • Yashiro Yukio. Toyo bijutsu ronko (Studies on Representative Works of Chinese and Japanese art in the United States and Europe). 2 vols., Tokyo. .
  • Zaigai hiho (Japanese Paintings in Western Collections). 3 vols., Tokyo. pls. 4-5.
  • Sawamura Sentaro. Nihon kaigashi no kenkyu (Studies in the History of Japanese Painting)., also 1931 ed. Tokyo. p. 100a.
  • Nihon kaiga kan (Gallery of Japanese Painting). 12 vols., Tokyo, 1969-1971. pl. 19.
  • Nihon no butsuga. Tokyo. .
  • Kasetto Nihon no bi. 18 vols., , Shohan. Tokyo. pls. 8-9.
  • Hamada Takashi. Mandara. no. 173 Tokyo, October 1980. pls. 12, 64.
  • Yoshitaka Ariga. Heian kaiga. no. 205 Tokyo, June 1983. pl. 81.
  • Yuriko Kuchiki. Yamanaka Shokai. Japan. Preface.
Collection Area(s)
Japanese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum