Ritual wine warmer (jia) with taotie


Historical period(s)
Early Anyang period, Late Shang dynasty, ca. 1300-1200 BCE
H x W x D: 52.8 x 30.5 x 26.4 cm (20 13/16 x 12 x 10 3/8 in)
China, Henan province, Anyang
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Metalwork, Vessel

Ritual vessel

Anyang period (ca. 1300 - ca. 1050 BCE), casting, China, inscription, mask, Shang dynasty (ca. 1600 - ca. 1050 BCE), taotie, wine
Provenance information is currently unavailable
Previous Owner(s)

C.T. Loo & Company active 1908-1950


Faulty molding or casting occasionally resulted in containers whose walls are too thin or legs are incomplete, as happened in this tall container.

Published References
  • Dr. John Alexander Pope, Mr. R.J. Gettens, James Cahill, Noel Barnard. The Freer Chinese Bronzes. Oriental Studies Series, vol. 1, no. 7 Washington. cat. 20, p. 121.
  • compiled by the staff of the Freer Gallery of Art. A Descriptive and Illustrative Catalogue of Chinese Bronzes: Acquired During the Administration of John Ellerton Lodge. Oriental Studies Series, no. 3 Washington, 1946. p. 25, pl. 4.
  • Grace Dunham Guest A.G. Wenley. Annotated Outlines of the History of Chinese Arts. Washington, 1949. p. 1.
  • Chen Mengjia. Yin Zhou qing tong qi fen lei tu lu (Yin-Chou ch'ing t'ung ch'i fen lei t'u lu). 2 vols., Dongjing. A 304.
  • Jerry H. Bentley Herbert F. Ziegler. Traditions and Encounters: A Global Perspective on the Past., 5th ed. New York. p. 95.
  • Brian M. Fagan Christopher R. DeCorse. In the Beginning: An Introduction to Archaeology. Upper Saddle River, N.J. p. 282, fig. 11.14.
  • Frank Forest Bunker. China and Japan. Philadelphia. p. 33.
  • Dagny Carter. Four Thousand Years of China's Art. New York. p. 25b.
  • Keng Jung. Shang chou i ch'i t'ung k'ao: Researches in Ceremonial Vessels of the Shang and Chou Dynasties. Peiping. pp. 239, 283, pl. 453.
  • Agnes E. Meyer. The Charles L. Freer Collection. vol. 12, No. 2. Brooklyn, August 1927. p. 66.
  • Hugo Munsterberg. A Short History of Chinese Art. New York, 1949. pl. 4.
  • Mary Augusta Nourse. The Four Hundred Million: A Short Story of the Chinese., 1st ed. Indianapolis and New York. opp. p. 483.
  • Osvald Siren. A History of Early Chinese Art. 4 vols., London, 1929-1930. vol. 1, pl. 40.
  • Sueji Umehara. Amerika no hakubutsukan ni okeru Shina no kobijutsu (Ancient Chinese Art in North American Museums). no. 16/17, June 1930. pl. 36.
  • Sueji Umehara. On the Shapes of the Bronze Vessels of Ancient China: An Archaeological Study. Toho Bunka Gakuin kyoto kenkyujo kenkyu hohoku, vol.15 Kyoto. pl. 28, no. 3.
  • Sueji Umehara. Shina kodo seikwa (Selected Relics of Ancient Chinese Bronzes from Collections in Europe and Asia). 3 vols., Osaka. pl. 66.
  • Sueji Umehara. Etude archaeologique sur le Pien-chin, ou serie de bronzes avec une table pour l'usage rituel dans le Chine antique. Memoire de Toho-bunka gakuin Kyoto Kenkyusho, vol. 2 Kyoto. p. 26, fig. 6.
  • Daisy Lion-Goldschmidt Jean-Claude Moreau-Gobard. Chinese Art: Bronze, Jade, Sculpture, Ceramics. The Universe Library of Antique Art 4 vols., , 1st ed. London and New York. p. 55, pl. 18.
  • Studies of the Bronze Chia-Vessel Excavated from Hsiao Tu'n & Hou Chia Chuang: Its Casting Process and Decorative Patterns. Archaeologia Sinica. New series, no. 3 Nanking, Taiwan. p. 55, pl. 4.
  • Katheryn M. Linduff. The Incidence of Lead in Late Shang and Early Chou Ritual Vessels. vol. 19, no. 3 Philadelphia, Spring 1977. pp. 7-16, fig. 6.
  • Shang Chou chin wen shi ch'eng. multi-vol., Taipei. no. 4612.
  • Chin wen tsung chi. Taipei. p. 2383.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum