Disk (bi 璧)

citation

Perforated disk bored from both sides of the type pi [bi] 璧; of closely mottled greenish yellow, olive tan, and brown shades; grayish areas of incipient disintegration.

Acquired with a box, now lost.

Maker(s)
Artist: Liangzhu culture 良渚 (ca. 3300-ca. 2250 BCE)
Historical period(s)
Late Neolithic period, ca. 3300-2250 BCE
Medium
Jade (nephrite)
Dimensions
Diam x D: 22.5 x 1.2 cm (8 7/8 x 1/2 in)
Geography
China, Lake Tai region, purportedly found at Anxi, Zhejiang province
Notes
purportedly found at Anxi, Zhejiang province
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
F1919.85
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Ceremonial Object, Jade
Type

Ceremonial object

Keywords
China, Late Neolithic period (ca. 5000 - ca. 1700 BCE), nephrite
Provenance

Reportedly excavated in An-hsi, Chekiang [1]

Duanfang (1861-1911) [2]

To 1919
You Xiaoxi (late 19th-early 20th century), Shanghai to 1919 [3]

1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from You Xiaoxi, in New York in 1919 [4]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [5]

Notes:

[1] Curatorial Remark 1 in the object record states: "Formerly in the collection of the Viceroy Tuan Fang and said to have been excavated at An-hsi, Chekiang."

[2] See note 1.

[3] See Original Bronze List, S.I. 1437, pg. 345, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[4] See note 3.

[5] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
Duanfang 1861-1911
You Xiaoxi (C.L. Freer source) late 19th-early 20th century

Description

Perforated disk bored from both sides of the type pi [bi] 璧; of closely mottled greenish yellow, olive tan, and brown shades; grayish areas of incipient disintegration.

Acquired with a box, now lost.

Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Jades for Life and Death
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum

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