Dagger axe (ge 戈), fragment reworked


Historical period(s)
Erlitou culture or early Shang dynasty, ca. 2000-ca. 1400 BCE
Jade (nephrite)
H x W x D: 6.2 x 31.1 x 0.8 cm (2 7/16 x 12 1/4 x 5/16 in)
China, probably Shaanxi province
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
On View Location
Freer Gallery 19: Afterlife: Ancient Chinese Jades
Ceremonial Object, Jade

Ceremonial object

Anyang period (ca. 1300 - ca. 1050 BCE), China, nephrite, Shang dynasty (ca. 1600 - ca. 1050 BCE)

Reportedly excavated at Hsi-an, Shensi [1]

To 1919
You Xiaoxi (late 19th-early 20th century), Shanghai, to 1919 [2]

Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from You Xiaoxi, in New York, in 1919 [3]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [4]


[1] Curatorial Remark 1 in the object record states: "Said to have been excavated at Hsi-an, Shensi." Curatorial Remark 6, H.E. Buckman, 1964, in the object record states: "The Envelope file which has now been destroyed, contained only the additional information: 'Excavated at Sianfu, in Shansi.'"

[2] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 1441, pg. 347, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[3] See note 2.

[4] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
You Xiaoxi (C.L. Freer source) late 19th-early 20th century

Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum