One-tier tube (cong 琮) with masks

citation

Squared, hollow cylinder of the type ts’ung [cong] 琮; narrow projecting collar at both ends, irregular on one end; mottled brown and tan, partially covered with cream coating that almost hides the decoration—channeled and incised, circles, bands of fine lines and grooves, traces of meander pattern.

Acquired with a box, now lost.

Maker(s)
Artist: Liangzhu culture 良渚 (ca. 3300-ca. 2250 BCE)
Historical period(s)
Late Neolithic period, ca. 3300-ca. 2250 BCE
Medium
Jade (nephrite)
Dimensions
H x W x D: 3.7 x 7.6 x 7.5 cm (1 7/16 x 3 x 2 15/16 in) Diam (hole): 6.3 cm (2 7/16 in)
Geography
China, Lake Tai region
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
F1919.47
On View Location
Freer Gallery 19: Afterlife: Ancient Chinese Jades
Classification(s)
Ceremonial Object, Jade
Type

Ceremonial object

Keywords
China, Late Neolithic period (ca. 5000 - ca. 1700 BCE), nephrite
Provenance

To 1919
You Xiaoxi (late 19th-early 20th century), Shanghai, to 1919 [1]

1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from You Xiaoxi, in New York, in 1919 [2]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]

Notes:

[1] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 1425, pg. 339, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
You Xiaoxi (C.L. Freer source) late 19th-early 20th century

Description

Squared, hollow cylinder of the type ts'ung [cong] 琮; narrow projecting collar at both ends, irregular on one end; mottled brown and tan, partially covered with cream coating that almost hides the decoration—channeled and incised, circles, bands of fine lines and grooves, traces of meander pattern.

Acquired with a box, now lost.

Published References
  • You Xiaoxi. Description of antique Chinese paintings and brass wares as well as of porcelains of different ages. The Charles Lang Freer papers, 1919. No. 95, p. 66, 72.
  • Elizabeth Childs-Johnson Fang Gu. Yuqi shidai: Meiguo bowuguan cang Zhongguo zaoqi yuqi (The Jade Age: Early Chinese Jades in American Museums). Beijing, 2009. p. 103.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Jades for Life and Death
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum