Disk (bi 璧)

citation

Perforated disk; some translucent spots, obverse: mottled fawn and dull olive green with whitish areas of incipient disintegration; reverse: fawn colored with traces only of olive green; surface contour uneven; some roughened areas. (Rim chipped.)

Acquired with a box, now lost.

Maker(s)
Artist: Probably Liangzhu culture 良渚 (ca. 3300-ca. 2250 BCE)
Historical period(s)
Late Neolithic period, ca. 3300-ca. 2350 BCE
Medium
Jade (nephrite)
Dimensions
Diam x D: 11.6 × 0.7 cm (4 9/16 × 1/4 in) Diam (hole): 5.9 cm (2 5/16 in)
Geography
China, Lake Tai region, Zhejiang, (purportedly found at) Anxi
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
F1919.34
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Ceremonial Object, Jade
Type

Disk

Keywords
China, disk, Late Neolithic period (ca. 5000 - ca. 1700 BCE), Liangzhu culture (ca. 3300 - ca. 2250 BCE), nephrite
Provenance

Reportedly excavated in An-hsi, Chekiang [1]

Wu Dacheng (1835-1902) [2]

To 1919
You Xiaoxi (late 19th-early 20th century), Shanghai, to 1919 [3]

1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from You Xiaoxi, in New York, in 1919 [4]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [5]

Notes:

[1] Curatorial Remark 1 in the object record states: "Formerly in the collection of Wu Ta-ch'eng, of Kiangsu, and said to have been excavated at An-hsi, Chekiang."

[2] See note 1.

[3] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 1413, pg. 333, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[4] See note 3.

[5] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
Wu Dacheng 1835-1902
You Xiaoxi (C.L. Freer source) late 19th-early 20th century

Description

Perforated disk; some translucent spots, obverse: mottled fawn and dull olive green with whitish areas of incipient disintegration; reverse: fawn colored with traces only of olive green; surface contour uneven; some roughened areas. (Rim chipped.)

Acquired with a box, now lost.

Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum