Disk (bi 璧)

citation

Perforated disc of the type pi [bi] 璧; translucent celadon green with paler cloudings and brown to black delicate veinings; satin smooth surface; a cutting irregularity causes a rise in contour on one surface; edge flattened in four areas.

Acquired with a box, now lost.

Historical period(s)
Late Neolithic period, ca. 3000-ca. 1700 BCE
Medium
Jade (nephrite)
Dimensions
Diam x D: 21.8 × 0.8 cm (8 9/16 × 5/16 in) Diam (hole): 6.5 cm (2 9/16 in)
Geography
China
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
F1919.21
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Ceremonial Object, Jade
Type

Ceremonial object

Keywords
China, disk, Late Neolithic period (ca. 5000 - ca. 1700 BCE), nephrite
Provenance

Reportedly excavated in the An-hsi district of Chekiang [1]

Duanfang (1861-1911) [2]

To 1919
You Xiaoxi (late 19th-early 20th century), Shanghai to 1919 [3]

1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from You Xiaoxi, in New York in 1919 [4]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [5]

Notes:

[1] According to Curatorial Remark 1 in the object record: "From the collection of Viceroy Tuan Fang and said to have been excavated in the An-hsi district of Chekiang."

[2] See note 1.

[3] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 1400, pg. 327, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[4] See note 3.

[5] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
Duanfang 1861-1911
You Xiaoxi (C.L. Freer source) late 19th-early 20th century

Description

Perforated disc of the type pi [bi] 璧; translucent celadon green with paler cloudings and brown to black delicate veinings; satin smooth surface; a cutting irregularity causes a rise in contour on one surface; edge flattened in four areas.

Acquired with a box, now lost.

Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum