Disk (bi 璧)

citation

Perforated disk of the type pi [bi] 璧; bored from both sides and slightly oblique; mottled shades of cream, tan, yellow, and cloudy black; three shallow saw marks on one surface and some strata cracks; cream-white areas of incipient disintegration. (Rim has several old smoothed chipped areas.)

Acquired with a box, now lost.

Maker(s)
Artist: Liangzhu culture 良渚 (ca. 3300-ca. 2250 BCE)
Historical period(s)
Late Neolithic period, ca. 3300-2250 BCE
Medium
Jade (nephrite)
Dimensions
Diam x D: 14 x 1.5 cm (5 1/2 x 9/16 in) Diam (hole): 4 cm (1 9/16 in)
Geography
China, Lake Tai region
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
F1918.26
On View Location
Freer Gallery 19: Afterlife: Ancient Chinese Jades
Classification(s)
Ceremonial Object, Jade
Type

Ceremonial object

Keywords
China, Late Neolithic period (ca. 5000 - ca. 1700 BCE), nephrite
Provenance

To 1918
Wang Jiantang, Shanghai to 1918 [1]

From 1918 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Wang Jiantang, in New York, in 1918 [2]

From 1920
The Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]

Notes:

[1] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 1354, pg. 313, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
Wang Jiangtang (C.L. Freer source)

Description

Perforated disk of the type pi [bi] 璧; bored from both sides and slightly oblique; mottled shades of cream, tan, yellow, and cloudy black; three shallow saw marks on one surface and some strata cracks; cream-white areas of incipient disintegration. (Rim has several old smoothed chipped areas.)

Acquired with a box, now lost.

Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Jades for Life and Death
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum

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