Reportedly excavated at Gaeseong, Hwanghaebuk-do province, Korea 
Mr. S. Yamanaka (Yamanaka & Company), Kyoto, to 1917 
From 1917 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), given by Mr. S. Yamanaka, through Yamanaka & Company, New York in 1917 
The Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 
 According to information provided by Yamanaka and Company. See Curatorial Remark 4, H.E. Buckman, 1964, in the object record. See also, F1917.306.2a-f, Curatorial Remark 1, Louise Cort, July 6, 2010, in the object record.
 Undated folder sheet note. See Original Bronze List, S.I. 1271, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. For further details regarding the gift, see F1917.306.2a-f, Curatorial Remark 2, Louise Cort, July 8, 2010, in the object record.
 See note 2.
 The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.
Surface: black patina, vestiges of gilding and green aerugo.
Decoration: incised in solid and stippled lines.
1. (Undated folder sheet note) Gift from Mr. Yamanaka, Kyoto. See original Bronze List, S.I. 1271.
2. (Undated folder sheet note) Original attribution: Korean. Korai, A.D. 918-1391. Excavated at Kaijo, Kyokido Province.
3. (C.L. Freer, undated note) Very important for comparison with early Chinese metal-work.
4. (H.E. Buckman, 1964) The Envelope File, which has now been destroyed, contained the following notation by Charles L. Freer, dated February 26, 1918:
"A collection of small bronze and silver objects contained in a case of five trays; numbering in all 55 objects. All of the Korai Period, A.D. 918-1391. Excavated at Kaijo, Kyokido Province, Korea, and presented in 1917 to the collection by Mr. S. Yamanaka, Kyoto."
See also F1917.588-641, inclusive.
5. (T. Lawton, 1986) Attributed to Koryo.
6. (Louise Cort, 21 July 2010) A photograph (347B) of drawer D from the wooden box in which this object came is kept in the file for F1917.520. It shows the paper label which lists 10 pieces in the drawer and identifies the excavation site as Kaijo, Kyokido province and the date as Korai period. This drawer housed F1917.622-631.
7. (Jeffrey Smith, Louise Cort, and Soo Yeon Park, 26 July 2010) As of this date, the romanization of Korean period names, place names, and ware names in the ID-related fields of TMS is changed from the McCune Reischauer (MR) system to the Revised Romanization of Korean (RR) system, established in 2000 by the Ministry of Culture, Republic of Korea. From this point onward, new curatorial comments, exhibition labels, and other entries should use the RR system. Previous curatorial comments have not been revised.
8. (Louise Cort, 6 April 2011) Two spoons of this form in the Museum of East Asian Art, Cologne, are said to be typical of the mid-Goryeo period and are dated 12th-13th century; the end of the handle is said to be in the form of a swallow's tail and the bowl in the form of a willow leaf. The deeply bowed handle is said to be typical of mid-Goryeo spoons. National Research Institute of Cultural heritage, Korean Art Collection in the Museum of East Asian Art in Cologne, Germany 2007, no. 120, pp. 102 and 237-238.
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