Dagger axe (ge 戈)


Artist: Erlitou culture 二裏頭 (ca. 2000-1600 BCE)
Historical period(s)
Eriltou culture or early Shang dynasty, ca. 2000-ca. 1400 BCE
Jade (nephrite)
H x W x D: 11.8 x 84.1 x 0.9 cm (4 11/16 x 33 1/8 x 3/8 in)
China, Probably Henan province
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
On View Location
Freer Gallery 19: Afterlife: Ancient Chinese Jades
Ceremonial Object, Jade

Ceremonial object

China, Erlitou period (ca. 2000 - 1600 BCE), nephrite
Provenance information is currently unavailable
Previous Owner(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
Duanfang 1861-1911

Published References
  • Thomas Lawton Linda Merrill. Freer: a legacy of art. Washington and New York, 1993. p. 206, fig. 141.
  • Agnes E. Meyer. The Charles L. Freer Collection. vol. 12, No. 2. Brooklyn, August 1927. p. 65.
  • Alfred Salmony. Carved Jade of Ancient China. Berkeley, 1938. pl. 5, no. 3.
  • Osvald Siren. Kinas Konst Under Tre Artusenden. 2 vols., Stockholm, 1942-1943. p. 124, fig. 80.
  • Sueji Umehara. Shina kogyoku zuroku (Selected Specimens of Chinese Archaic Jade). Kyoto, 1955. pl. 33.
  • Sueji Umehara. Shina kokogaku ronko (Studies in Chinese Archaeology). Showa 13 Tokyo, 1938-1940. pl. 18, no. 5.
  • Richard Gump. Jade: Stone of Heaven., 1st ed. Garden City, NY, 1962. p. 32.
  • Geoffrey WIlls. Jade of the East., 1st ed. New York, 1972. fig. 30.
  • Joan Hartman-Goldsmith. Early Chinese Jades at the Freer Gallery. vol. 27, no. 4, Winter 1981-1982. fig. 1.
  • Sueji Umehara. Shina kodai no doriki ni tsuite (Concerning bronze implements of ancient China). Kyoto. pl. 14, fig. 5.
  • Dr. Berthold Laufer. Jade: A Study in Chinese Archaeology and Religion. Anthropological series, vol. 10 Chicago. pp. 40-41, pl. 9.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum

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