Disk (bi 璧)

citation

Perforated disk of the type pi [bi] 璧; bored from both sides leaving slight median ridge; mottled light and dark olive greens and browns; some areas of earth colored incipient disintegration; irregularities in proportions and contours. (Several old smoothed chips on rim.)

Acquired with a box, now lost.

Maker(s)
Artist: Qijia culture 齊家 (ca. 2250 - ca.1900 BCE) Probably Liangzhu culture 良渚 (ca. 3300-ca. 2250 BCE)
Historical period(s)
Late Neolithic period, ca. 3300-ca. 2250 BCE
Medium
Jade (nephrite)
Dimensions
Diam x D: 13.4 x 0.9 cm (5 1/4 x 3/8 in) Diam (hole): 5.5 cm (2 1/8 in)
Geography
China, Lake Tai Region
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
F1917.395
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Ceremonial Object, Jade
Type

Ceremonial object

Keywords
China, disk, Late Neolithic period (ca. 5000 - ca. 1700 BCE), Liangzhu culture (ca. 3300 - ca. 2250 BCE)
Provenance

Reportedly excavated in Kai-feng, Honan [1]

To 1917
You Xiaoxi (late 19th-early 20th century), Shanghai, to 1917 [2]

From 1917 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from You Xiaoxi, in New York, in 1917 [3]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [4]

Notes:

[1] According to Curatorial Remark 1 in the object record.

[2] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 1335, pg. 307, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[3] See note 2.

[4] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
You Xiaoxi (C.L. Freer source) late 19th-early 20th century

Description

Perforated disk of the type pi [bi] 璧; bored from both sides leaving slight median ridge; mottled light and dark olive greens and browns; some areas of earth colored incipient disintegration; irregularities in proportions and contours. (Several old smoothed chips on rim.)

Acquired with a box, now lost.

Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum