Disk (bi 璧)

citation

Perforated disk of the type pi [bi] 璧; bored obliquely from both sides, leaving median ridge; mottled light to medium dark greens with some wine-red strata; satin smooth surface with areas of grayish-white incipient disintegration; several small smooth saw marks on both sides. (Rim broken in two areas and two chips.)

Acquired with a box, now lost.

Maker(s)
Artist: Liangzhu culture 良渚 (ca. 3300-ca. 2250 BCE)
Historical period(s)
Late Neolithic period, ca. 3300-2250 BCE
Medium
Jade (nephrite)
Dimensions
Diam x D: 22.1 x 1.4 cm (8 11/16 x 9/16 in)
Geography
China, Lake Tai region, purportedly found at Anxi, Zhejiang province
Notes
purportedly found at Anxi, Zhejiang province
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
F1917.349
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Ceremonial Object, Jade
Type

Ceremonial object

Keywords
China, Late Neolithic period (ca. 5000 - ca. 1700 BCE), nephrite
Provenance

To 1917
You Xiaoxi (late 19th-early 20th century), Shanghai, to 1917 [1]

From 1917 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from You Xiaoxi in 1917 [2]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]

Notes:

[1] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 1289, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
You Xiaoxi (C.L. Freer source) late 19th-early 20th century

Description

Perforated disk of the type pi [bi] 璧; bored obliquely from both sides, leaving median ridge; mottled light to medium dark greens with some wine-red strata; satin smooth surface with areas of grayish-white incipient disintegration; several small smooth saw marks on both sides. (Rim broken in two areas and two chips.)

Acquired with a box, now lost.

Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Jades for Life and Death
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum