Disk (bi 璧)


Artist: Probably Liangzhu culture 良渚 (ca. 3300-ca. 2250 BCE)
Historical period(s)
Late Neolithic period, ca. 5000-ca. 1700 BCE
Jade (nephrite)
Diam x D: 13.1 × 0.8 cm (5 3/16 × 5/16 in) Diam (hole): 5.5 cm (2 3/16 in)
China, Lake Tai region
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Ceremonial Object, Jade

Ceremonial object

China, Late Neolithic period (ca. 5000 - ca. 1700 BCE), nephrite

Possibly excavated in Lo-yang, Honan [1]

To 1916
You Xiaoxi, Shanghai, to 1916 [2]

From 1916 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from You Xiaoxi, in New York in 1916 [3]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [4]


[1] According to Curatorial Remark 1 in the object record, this object was "said to have been excavated in Lo-yang, Honan."

[2] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 1055, pg. 235, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[3] See note 2.

[4] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
You Xiaoxi (C.L. Freer source) late 19th-early 20th century

Published References
  • Seaouke Yue (You Xiaoxi), Hsiao-chi Yu in, Chi-Tseng Chang. Masterpieces of Chinese National Art: The Collection of Mr. Seaouke'e Yue. Shanghai, 1916. no. 30.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum

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