Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara (Guanyin)

citation

Small standing figure of Guanyin: double lotus throne. Much restored.
Color, dark gray, with earth incrustations and apparently traces of gesso.

Historical period(s)
Tang dynasty, 618-907
Medium
Stone
Dimensions
H x W x D: 69.2 x 22.8 x 22.7 cm (27 1/4 x 9 x 8 15/16 in)
Geography
China
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
F1916.420
On View Location
Currently not on view
Type

Figure: Guanyin

Provenance

To 1916
Lai-Yuan and Company, New York to 1916 [1]

From 1916 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Lai-Yuan and Company in 1916 [2]

From 1920
The Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]

Notes:

[1] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 1200, pg. 241, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Description

Small standing figure of Guanyin: double lotus throne. Much restored.
Color, dark gray, with earth incrustations and apparently traces of gesso.

Label

1. Purchased from Lai-yuan and Company, New York. For price, see S.I. 1200, Original Miscellaneous List, p. 241.

2. Original attribution: "Archaistic, Chinese" (no precise period specified). See further, S.I. 1200, Appendix VIII, and Warner's Catalogue, no. 177.

3. (C.W. Bishop, 1922) Very sophisticated and by no means of the best type, but not without a certain mastery in the treatment of the material; I should be rather inclined to regard this as a Sung work.

4. (J.E. Lodge, 1924) Most, if not all, of the head a restoration; parts of the scarf pendant from the arms, parts of the hands, the flask, the right elbow and other details restored also; the rest of the body and the pedestal of a style not earlier than middle T'ang and may actually be of that, or a slightly later, date.

5. (Undated folder sheet note) Mr. Kinoshita repaired old break, October, 1945.

6. (H.E. Buckman, 1964) The Envelope file contained no further information, and has now been destroyed.

7. (Jan Stuart, June 15, 2006 entered into the Chinese language field comments written by Chang Qing, a scholar of Buddhist art who was a Fellow at the Freer/Sackler in 1999-2000:

Written by Chang Qing, 常青.

F1916.420
FAKE
仿初唐菩萨圆雕像
通高69厘米,下部圆座高15.9厘米、直径22厘米。这是一件比较忠实地模仿初唐菩萨像的作品,像的表面多有修补的痕迹,应是出卖时所做。疑点:
1、发髻较高,面部与真人的形象过于相似,没有初唐菩萨特有的神韵,而与宋、金间山西彩塑的菩萨与女供养人相似。
2、颈部的三道不均匀,上一道太宽,是为不合法(常规)。
3、表面留有许多刻凿痕迹,没有经过打磨。

8. (J. Smith per Stephen Allee, 6/19/2008) Stone added as secondary classification.

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