Huang Zhonghui (circa 1870- after 1923), to 1915 
From 1915 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Huang Zhonghui, in New York, in 1915 
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 
 See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 658, pg. 158, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. See also, Curatorial Remarks.
 See note 1.
 The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.
- Previous Owner(s)
Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
Huang Zhonghui (C.L. Freer source) ca. 1870-after 1923
Ceremonial implement of the type kuei [gui 圭]; short narrow form with beveled end and perforated handle; mottled dark olive brown, reddish brown, olive green, and orange; decoration: in sensible relief and channeled, a demon head on one side, a spread eagle on reverse, triple grooves across handle; dull luster.
Prolonged handling or aggressive cleaning long ago probably wore away the fine thread relief decoration of a human face on the front and a heraldic bird in profile on the reverse of this gui. These motifs and their rendering link this chisel to the late phase of the Longshan culture.
- Published References
- Sherman Lee. The Freer's Studies in Connoisseurship (Review): Museum News. vol. 44, no. 1 New York, Spring 1984. pp. 69-70, fig. 10.
- Omura Seigai. Shina bijutsu-shi choso-hen (History of Chinese Bronzes and Sculpture). 3 vols., Tokyo, 1915-1920. pl. 2, fig. 6.
- Alfred Salmony. Carved Jade of Ancient China. Berkeley, 1938. pl. 31, no. 1.
- Sueji Umehara. Shina kogyoku zuroku (Selected Specimens of Chinese Archaic Jade). Kyoto, 1955. pl. 44.
- Na Chih-liang. Yu ch'i t'ung shih (A General Study of Chinese Jade). Hong Kong, 1965. p. 2, fig. 3.
- Doris J. Dohrenwend. Jade Demonic Images from Early China. vol. 10 Washington and Ann Arbor, 1975. pp. 55-78, fig. 37a.
- Wu Hung. I'tsu tsao-ch'i ti yu-shig tiao-k'o (A Group of Early Jade and Stone Carvings)., 1979. p. 70, fig. 17.
- William Willetts. Foundations of Chinese Art from Neolithic Pottery to Modern Architecture. New York, 1965. p. 63.
- Wu Hung. Bird Motifs in Eastern Yi Art. vol. 16, no. 10 Hong Kong, October 1985. p. 38.
- Hayashi Minao. In-kyo Fuhao-bo shutsudo no gyokki jakkan ni taisuru chushaku. no. 58 Tokyo, March 1986. p. 47.
- Elizabeth Childs-Johnson Fang Gu. Yuqi shidai: Meiguo bowuguan cang Zhongguo zaoqi yuqi (The Jade Age: Early Chinese Jades in American Museums). Beijing, 2009. pp. 168-169.
- Na Chih-liang. Yu ch'i tz'u t'ien (Dictionary of Chinese Jade). Taipei, 1982. p. 187, fig. 1624.
- Meili Yang. Yuqi shang de yingwen zhuti (shang). No. 181 Taipei, 1998. p. 69, fig. 3.
- Minao Hayashi. Chūgoku kogyokuki sōsetsu. Tokyo, 1999. p. 556, fig. 7: 100.
- Collection Area(s)
- Chinese Art
- Rights Statement
Copyright with museum